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The First Global Integrated Marine Assessment
World Ocean Assessment I

$124.00 ( ) USD

  • Editor: United Nations, Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea, Office of Legal Affairs
  • Date Published: June 2017
  • availability: This ISBN is for an eBook version which is distributed on our behalf by a third party.
  • format: Adobe eBook Reader
  • isbn: 9781108300124

$ 124.00 USD ( )
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About the Authors
  • The World Ocean Assessment - or, to give its full title, The First Global Integrated Marine Assessment - is the outcome of the first cycle of the United Nations' Regular Process for Global Reporting and Assessment of the State of the Marine Environment, including Socioeconomic Aspects. The Assessment provides vital, scientifically-grounded bases for the consideration of ocean issues, including climate change, by governments, intergovernmental agencies, non-governmental agencies and all other stakeholders and policymakers involved in ocean affairs. Together with future assessments and related initiatives, it will support the implementation of the recently adopted 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, particularly its ocean-related goals. Moreover, it will also form an important reference text for marine science courses.

    • A prestigious and comprehensive report from the United Nations, with contributions from hundreds of the world's experts on the oceans
    • Provides the first integrated assessment of the state of the world's ocean, enabling policy makers and all stakeholders to consider for the first time the global and integrated effect on the ocean of decisions that they make
    • Identifies gaps in knowledge of the ocean and related human activities, helping policymakers and all stakeholders to identify and prioritize areas for action, and input to the Sustainable Development Goals
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    Reviews & endorsements

    Advance praise: ‘Hundreds of scientists from many countries … indicate that the oceans' carrying capacity is near or at its limit. It is clear that urgent action on a global scale is needed to protect the world's oceans.' Ban Ki-moon, Former Secretary-General of the United Nations, from the Foreword

    Advance praise: ‘Our oceans are an essential component to supporting life on Earth, yet their health is being hit from all sides. The First Global Integrated Marine Assessment helps us grasp the current situation and compels us to do our part in protecting this vital resource. Urgent action is needed, and this Assessment provides policy-makers with an important scientific baseline upon which to act. The report is also a great resource for students, scientists, the general public and anyone with an interest in learning more about the oceans, and what we can do – and need to do – to protect them.' Erik Solheim, Head of UN Environment

    Advance praise: ‘Throughout The First Global Integrated Marine Assessment experts state that ocean ecosystems are unable to cope with the impact of multiple anthropogenic stressors. As a consequence, the life-supporting services that the ocean provides to humankind are in imminent danger. Due to the complexity of ocean processes, solutions should be sought and verified based on the most advanced ocean science and observations. Making them applicable globally and for all requires intensive capacity development and marine technology transfer.' Vladimir Ryabinin, Executive Secretary of IOC/UNESCO

    Advance praise: ‘The First Global Integrated Marine Assessment has arrived at a critical time. Never before has it been possible to acquire the depth and breadth of information gathered in this masterful compilation. Never again will there be a better time to apply the knowledge presented here to develop policies that will enable humankind to make peace with the natural ocean systems that underpin everything we care about, including our own existence.' Sylvia Earle, Explorer in Residence at National Geographic, Founder of Mission Blue, and Founder of Deep Ocean Exploration and Research (DOER)

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    Product details

    • Date Published: June 2017
    • format: Adobe eBook Reader
    • isbn: 9781108300124
    • availability: This ISBN is for an eBook version which is distributed on our behalf by a third party.
  • Table of Contents

    Part I. Summary of the First Global Integrated Marine Assessment
    Part II. The Context of the Assessment:
    1. Introduction: planet, oceans and life
    2. Mandate, information sources and method of work
    Part III. Assessment of Major Ecosystem Services from the Marine Environment:
    3. Scientific understanding of ecosystem services
    4. The ocean's role in the hydrological cycle
    5. Sea-air interactions
    6. Primary production, cycling of nutrients, surface layer and plankton
    7. Calcium carbonate production and contribution to coastal sediments
    8. Aesthetic, cultural, religious and spiritual ecosystem services derived from the marine environment
    9. Conclusions on major ecosystem services other than provisioning services
    Part IV. Assessment of the Cross-Cutting Issues: Food Security and Food Safety:
    10. The oceans as a source of food
    11. Capture fisheries
    12. Aquaculture
    13. Fish stock propagation
    14. Seaweeds
    15. Social and economic aspects of sea-based food and fisheries
    16. Synthesis of Part IV: food security and safety
    Part V. Assessment of Other Human Activities and the Marine Environment:
    17. Shipping
    18. Ports
    19. Submarine cables and pipelines
    20. Coastal, riverine and atmospheric inputs from land
    21. Offshore hydrocarbon industries
    22. Other marine-based energy industries
    23. Offshore mining industries
    24. Solid waste disposal
    25. Marine debris
    26. Land-sea physical interaction
    27. Tourism and recreation
    28. Desalinization
    29. Use of marine genetic resources
    30. Marine scientific research
    31. Conclusions on other human activities
    32. Capacity-building in relation to human activities affecting the marine environment
    Part VI. Assessment of Marine Biological Diversity and Habitats:
    33. Introduction
    Section A. Overview of Marine Biological Diversity:
    34. Global patterns in marine biodiversity
    35. Extent of assessment of marine biological diversity
    36. Overview of marine biological diversity
    Section B. Marine Ecosystems, Species and Habitats Scientifically Identified as Threatened, Declining or Otherwise in Need of Special Attention or Protection
    I. Marine Species:
    37. Marine mammals
    38. Seabirds
    39. Marine reptiles
    40. Sharks and other elasmobranchs
    41. Tunas and bill fishes
    II. Marine Ecosystems and Habitats:
    42. Cold-water corals
    43. Tropical and sub-tropical coral reefs
    44. Estuaries and deltas
    45. Hydrothermal vents and cold seeps
    46. High-latitude ice and the biodiversity dependent on it
    47. Kelp forests and seagrass meadows
    48. Mangroves
    49. Salt marshes
    50. Sargasso sea
    51. Biological communities on seamounts and other submarine features potentially threatened by disturbance
    Section C. Environmental, Economic and/or Social Aspects of the Conservation of Marine Species and Habitats and Capacity-Building Needs:
    52. Synthesis of Part VI: marine biological diversity and habitats
    53. Capacity-building needs in relation to the status of species and habitats
    Part VII. Overall Assessment:
    54. Overall assessment of human impact on the oceans
    55. Overall value of the oceans to humans
    Annex I. List of contributors and commentators
    Annex II. Glossary
    Annex III. Acronyms.

  • Editor

    United Nations, Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea, Office of Legal Affairs

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