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Look Inside Women, Work and Family in the Antebellum Mountain South

Women, Work and Family in the Antebellum Mountain South

$88.00 (C)

  • Date Published: March 2008
  • availability: In stock
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9780521886192

$ 88.00 (C)
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About the Authors
  • This is the first study of 19th-century Appalachian women. Wilma A. Dunaway moves beyond the black-white dichotomy and the preoccupation with affluent females that handicap antebellum women’s histories. By comparing white, American Indian, free black, and enslaved females, she argues that the nature of a woman’s work was determined by her race, ethnicity, and/or class positions. Concomitantly, the degree to which laws shielded her family from disruption depended upon her race, her class, and the degree to which she adhered to patriarchal conventions about work and cross-racial liaisons.

    • First extensive regional study of nineteenth-century Appalachian women, work, and threats towards their families
    • Draws on 100's of personal narratives, manuscript collections, and massive statistical databases
    • Includes support materials, including maps, figures, and illustrations
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    Reviews & endorsements

    “Expanding on her path-breaking studies of the antebellum Appalachian South, this newest book by Wilma A. Dunaway examines the varying work and family patterns of the region' poor whites, Native American, and black women. aboton extensive research in numerous primary and secondary sources, her analysis of the factors leading to these patterns of behavior provides considerable new and important information about the people in a location which has not previously been studied in such detail, but also makes for quite interesting comparisons with those in other areas of the South.” -Stanley L. Engerman, University of Rochester

    “In this lucid and informative contribution to the histories of the Antebellum Mountain South, Dunaway opens a window on the everyday and ongoing practices of women’s lives among poor, racially and ethnically diverse peoples of Appalachia. Focused and detailed in the idiom of historical capitalism, Dunaway offers a conceptually robust account that unsettles the “separate spheres” and 'cult of domesticity' assumed to characterize gender relations in the period 1700-1860. In her account, she reveals the complex and diverse expressions of patriarchy–at once a luxury offered by familial protection among middle class families, and an encumbrance fostered by the public regulation and slaveholder disruption of poor female headed households. Dunaway leaves no one safe behind the excuse that they didn’t know about women’s centrality to family reproduction, livelihood strategies, and market participation. A must read for anyone seeking to understand the synergies among laboring relations and capacities, family formations, and women as agents of their lives and of southern history.” -Shelley Feldman, Cornell University and Binghamton University

    “Wilma Dunaway presents a path-breaking theoretically and empirically grounded analysis of the diversity among women in the antebellum Mountain South that challenges the patriarchal, racist, and classist mythology and ideology found in scholarship and popular culture. She centers this powerful and compelling book around women, work and family, illuminating the racial and ethnic cleavages, and class contradictions among these women, and making visible working class women, including those of European, Indigenous, and African descent. Dunaway meticulously documents the deep difference and division in the daily experiences of women – in their work and family lives and struggles, and of the complexity and richness of the Southern and especially Appalachian reality in U.S. history. This work is a critically important contribution to feminist and gender/race/class analysis, and to American and Southern studies in the context of global capitalism and imperialism.” -Walda Katz-Fishman, Howard University

    "One by one, as her books appear, Wilma Dunaway breaks new ground. Women, Work, and Family in the Anbellum Mountain South is empirically rich, as one has come to expect from Dunaway. But here the wealth of data, the care of scholarship, and the challenge to traditional thinking are so meticulously combined as to put the reader in the challenging, almost awkward, position of having to rethink all that was known, or thought to have been known, about women in the antebellum South. This book ranks with Drew Gilpin Faust's Mothers of Invention." --Charles Lemert, The John C. Andrus Professor of Sociology, Wesleyan University.

    "Dunaway investigates the multi-ethnic majority of females who resided between 1700 and 1860 in the Appalachian Mountains from West Virginia south to Alabama and Virginia and the Carolinas east to Kentucky and Tennessee." -Reference & Research Book News

    "Recommended." -Choice

    "...a well-crafted study that will no doubt offer a starting point for many other scholars who wish to consider issues of gender within a specific region, especially the antebellum South." -Deborah L. Bauer, H-Women

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    Product details

    • Date Published: March 2008
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9780521886192
    • length: 320 pages
    • dimensions: 241 x 161 x 21 mm
    • weight: 0.59kg
    • contains: 10 tables
    • availability: In stock
  • Table of Contents

    Introduction
    Part I. Racial, Ethnic, and Class Disjunctures among Appalachian Women:
    1. No gendered sisterhood: ethnic and religious conflict among Euro-American women
    2. Not a shared patriarchal space: imperialism, racism, and cultural persistence of indigenous Appalachian women
    3. Not a shared sisterhood of subordination: racism, slavery, and resistance by black Appalachian females
    4. Not even sisters among their own kind: the centrality of class divisions among Appalachian women
    Part II. Structural and Social Contradictions between Women's Productive and Reproductive Labors:
    5. The myth of male farming and women's agricultural labor
    6. The myth of separate spheres and women's non-agricultural labor
    7. Family as privilege: public regulation of non-patriarchal households
    8. Motherhood as privilege: patriarchal intervention into women's reproductive labors.

  • Author

    Wilma A. Dunaway, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
    Wilma A. Dunaway was born into an interracial family in east Tennessee in 1944. For more than two decades, she worked in civil rights and public services organizations in the Appalachian region. At present, she is an Associate Professor in the School of Public and International Affairs at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Dunaway is a specialist in international slavery studies, Native American studies, Appalachian studies, and world-system analysis. Her dissertation about the incorporation of Southern Appalachia into the capitalist world economy was awarded a Wilson Fellowship and the Distinguished Dissertation Award from the American Sociological Association. She has won several awards for her previous three works on Appalachia and slavery, including two Weatherford Awards. Her interdisciplinary work has appeared in numerous history and social science journals.

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