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From December 1915 until the armistice of November 1918, Sir Douglas Haig was commander-in-chief of the largest army his country had ever put into the field. He has been portrayed as both an incompetent 'butcher and bungler' and a clear-sighted, imperturbable 'architect of victory'. However, in this magisterial account, J. P. Harris dispels such stereotypes. A dedicated military professional, Haig nevertheless found it difficult to adjust to the unprecedented conditions of the Western Front. His capacity to 'read' battles and broader strategic situations often proved poor and he bears much responsibility for British losses 1915–17 that were excessive in relation to the results achieved. By late 1917 his own faith in ultimate victory had become so badly shaken that he advocated a compromise peace. However, after surviving the German spring offensives of 1918, he played a vital role in the campaign that finally broke the German army.Read more
- Definitive new life of the British Army's controversial Commander-in-Chief during the First World War
- A major contribution to the wider military history of the First World War
- 2008 Templer Medal Book Prize Winner in Hardback
Reviews & endorsements
"Paul Harris has not only written the definitive biography of Field Marshal Douglas Haig, but the most important book on the First World War to appear in over a decade. His judicious use of sources and impeccable research has placed Haig in the context of the terrible challenges that that terrible conflict raised. The resulting portrait presents his considerable strengths along with the fatal flaws that were to prove so disastrous in terms of the lives of British soldiers in the battles of 1916 and 1917. Above all Harris' biography underlines that it is individuals who make history, not obscure social trends."
-Williamson Murray, Institute for Defense AnalysisSee more reviews
"This is a superb book. Deftly sidestepping caricatures of Haig as either a callous, incompetent butcher or as a clear-sighted, imperturbable Great Captain, Harris offers a nuanced picture of a complex personality in hopeless times. Haig was not purblind, but open to technical and tactical innovation. Yet he was responsible for the massive casualties so disproportionate to the results achieved and for the near collapse of British civil-military relations by the end of 1917. He went from the nervous, battle-shy corps commander of Mons 1914 to the confident ‘tyde-what-may’ army commander of 1915–17, and to the shaken and confused soldier-statesman of 1918. Bold and masterful, this book will become the standard biography of Haig."
-Holger H. Herwig, Professor of History and Canada Research Chair in the Centre for Military and Strategic Studies, University of Calgary
"Ninety years after the end of the Great War and eighty years after his death, Haig still has the capacity to arouse extraordinary extremes of vilification from his detractors and praise from his defenders. There have been many biographies of Haig over the years, but few have matched Paul Harris’s mastery of both the original archive sources and also the most recent scholarship, which has so transformed our understanding of the nature of command and the conduct of operations on the Western Front. Here, then, is an informed and thoroughly modern re-assessment, balancing Haig’s undoubted qualities against his manifold weaknesses."
-Professor Ian F. W. Beckett, University of Northampton
"Paul Harris is one of our very finest military historians of the Great War. He combines great depth of scholarship, research - and especially of psychological perception - with a highly readable style. In this, his highest masterpiece to date, he has cut straight through a horribly tangled thornbush of pro-Haig hagiography inter-twined with anti-Haig propaganda of the 'Butchers and Bunglers' variety. His ultimate conclusion is that the anti-Haig camp has very much the right of it, although much of the hysteria attaching to this issue has been lamentably over-done. This, surely, has got to be the long verdict of History."
-Paddy Griffith, author of Battle Tactics on the Western Front 1916–18 (1994)
"This work of meticulous scholarship is certain to reenergize the debate over Haig’s command. It also in many important ways expands our understanding of military operations in France and Flanders and the BEF’s evolution into a formidable offensive machine. It is highly recommended to both academics and general readers." - American Historical Review
"This is a most impressive book… Douglas Haig and the First World War is unreservedly recommended for all students, from the first year to doctoral candidates, and it should be in all university libraries." - Antoine Capet, H-Diplo
"Harris himself deserves unqualified praise for producing a thoroughly researched biography of a controversial figure and for resting his judgments on a careful analysis of his material. This work is a model of dispassionate scholarship and is essential to any student of the British Army in the First World War."
Canadian Journal of History, Mitchell McNaylor
"This work will likely remain the definitive account for decades to come." -Parameters
"a formidable achievement... Not the least of Harris's strengths is his impressive grasp of the literature, and his synthesis of recent research (of which there is a great deal, such is the dynamic nature of the subject) is extremely valuable. Not surprisingly it has been acclaimed by a battery of historians, and has been awarded, at the time of writing, two major prizes". - English Historical Review, Gary Sheffield
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- Date Published: December 2008
- format: Hardback
- isbn: 9780521898027
- length: 666 pages
- dimensions: 235 x 159 x 38 mm
- weight: 1.17kg
- contains: 19 b/w illus. 24 maps
- availability: Available
Table of Contents
1. Boyhood and early career
2. South Africa to the Curragh crisis
3. Anxiously to war
4. From the Marne to the Salient
5. Army commander
6. Aubers Ridge to Givenchy
7. The Battle of Loos
9. The Battle of the Somme (1)
10. The Battle of the Somme (2)
11. Lloyd George and Nivelle
12. The Battle of Arras and the Nivelle Offensive
13. Flanders Fields
14. The third Battle of Ypres
15. The Battle of Cambrai
16. The last war winter
17. The German March offensives
18. The turn of the tide
19. The final campaign
20. The post-war years
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