The Russian Roots of Nazism
White Émigrés and the Making of National Socialism, 1917–1945
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Part of New Studies in European History
- Author: Michael Kellogg
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This book examines the overlooked topic of the influence of anti-Bolshevik, anti-Semitic Russian exiles on Nazism. White émigrés contributed politically, financially, militarily, and ideologically to National Socialism. This work refutes the notion that Nazism developed as a peculiarly German phenomenon: it arose primarily from the cooperation between völkisch (nationalist/racist) Germans and vengeful White émigrés. From 1920–1923, Adolf Hitler collaborated with a conspiratorial far right German-White émigré organization, Aufbau (Reconstruction). Aufbau allied with Nazis to overthrow the German government and Bolshevik rule through terrorism and military-paramilitary schemes. This organization's warnings of the monstrous 'Jewish Bolshevik' peril helped to inspire Hitler to launch an invasion of the Soviet Union and to initiate the mass murder of European Jews. This book uses extensive archival materials from Germany and Russia, including recently declassified documents, and will prove invaluable reading for anyone interested in the international roots of National Socialism.Read more
- Original contribution to the international origins of Nazism
- Sheds light on the nature of Nazi anti-Semitism
- Draws on large amounts of previously unavailable archival sources
Reviews & endorsements
"Michael Kellogg's The Russian Roots of Nazism is a major contribution to the research on the origins of Nazism. In a domain where so much has been published and discussed, Kellogg's work succeeds in introducing a dimension never so thoroughly explored: the essential impact on early Nazi world-view of ideological elements and political themes, carried over to Germany by White-Russian emigres."
Professor Saul Friedlander, 1939 Club Chair in Holocaust Studies at the University of California, Los Angeles and Maxwell Cummings Chair of European History at Tel Aviv UniversitySee more reviews
"Michael Kellogg ... destroys earlier myths regarding the development of Adolf Hitler's thought. Kellogg successfully refutes the long-held belief, asserted by Hitler himself, that Hitler became antisemitic and anti-Bolshevik during his stay in Vienna in the early twentieth century. Kellogg's work draws on a wealth of primary sources from German, Russian, French, and Polish archives.... This book should be required reading for anyone interested in the origins of National Socialism and its complex character."
German Studies Review
"Kellogg's analysis of Aufbau and its influence is persuasive."
-Matthew R. Schwonek, Air Command and Staff College The Russian Review
"The story and the conclusion are not new, but the monograph contains a wealth of new detail."
-Robert C. Williams, Bates College The Slavic Review
"superbly researched book...this work shoudl spark much debate and serves as an example of what research in both German and Russian sources can accomplish for critical topics in modern history."
- Michael David-Fox, University of Maryland, Journal of Modern History
"...fascinating, meticulously researched, and highly detailed new study...Kellog has not only made a valuable contribution to the early history of the Nazi Party, but also points the way to further research in newly accessible post-Soviet archives on the Nazi's Russian connections."
-Roderick Stackelberg, Gonzaga University,American Historical Review
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- Date Published: May 2005
- format: Adobe eBook Reader
- isbn: 9780511079498
- availability: This ISBN is for an eBook version which is distributed on our behalf by a third party.
Table of Contents
1. The far right in the German and Russian empires
2. At the extreme in the Ukraine and in Germany
3. The Latvian intervention and the Kapp Putsch
4. The radical right's Aufbau (Reconstruction) in Munich
5. 'Germany-Russia above everything'
6. Conspiracies of fire and the sword
7. 'In quick march to the abyss!'
8. The four writers of the Apocalypse
9. Aufbau's legacy to National Socialism
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