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Human Trafficking and Slavery Reconsidered
Conceptual Limits and States' Positive Obligations in European Law

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  • Date Published: June 2018
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781316614778

$ 44.99 (C)

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About the Authors
  • By reconsidering the definitions of human trafficking, slavery, servitude and forced labour, Vladislava Stoyanova demonstrates how, in embracing the human trafficking framework, the international community has sidelined the human rights law commitments against slavery, servitude and forced labour that in many respects provide better protection for abused migrants. Stoyanova proposes two corrective steps to this development: placing a renewed emphasis on determining the definitional scope of slavery, servitude or forced labour, and gaining a clearer understanding of states' positive human rights obligations. This book compares anti-trafficking and human rights frameworks side-by-side and focuses its analysis on the Council of Europe's Trafficking Convention and Article 4 of the European Convention on Human Rights. With innovative arguments and pertinent case studies, this book is an important contribution to the field and will appeal to students, scholars and legal practitioners interested in human rights law, migration law, criminal law and EU law.

    • Critiques and compares the definitions of human trafficking, slavery, servitude and forced labour by applying a case study approach
    • Highlights the inconsistencies and contradictions inherent in anti-trafficking and human rights frameworks operating alongside one another
    • Offers a detailed clarification of the applicable law which will appeal on both individual and institutional levels
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    • Winner (for Ph.D. thesis), 2016 Lund Society of Humanities and Social Sciences Award

    Reviews & endorsements

    'Vladislava Stoyonova’s book is as intellectually courageous as it is meticulously researched. She effectively challenges the dominant discourse of human trafficking, showing that human rights are more effectively ensured by grappling with the modern meaning of slavery, servitude, and forced labour. This is a fine legal analysis, proving the wisdom of grounding advocacy in legal norms of indisputable authority.' James Hathaway, University of Michigan Law School

    ‘The issue of trafficking in human beings and its relationship with slavery has risen to the top of political agendas around the world as border controls and movement of persons has become subject to increasing strict rules. This book takes the issue seriously and examines the development of anti-slavery and anti-trafficking legal frameworks and how they operate within the contours of state sovereignty claims. It is a magistral work which deserves to be read by anyone seeking to understand what trafficking and slavery mean in the 21st century.’ Elspeth Guild, University of London and Radbound University Nijmegen, Netherlands

    ‘Dr Stoyanova’s book, based in part on her doctoral thesis, is a very important contribution to our understanding of the nature of States’ obligations, particularly under the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings, to help, protect and support those who have been trafficked. Her critical analysis of these duties is superbly researched and clearly establishes her as a significant thinker and scholar in the debates on human trafficking.’ Ryszard Piotrowicz, Aberystwyth University and Member of the Council of Europe Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings

    ‘This provocative and timely book offers refined definitions of the three wrongs set out in Article 4 European Convention on Human Rights, slavery, servitude, forced labour, and considers states’ positive obligations to ensure protection against these wrongs. Dr Stoyanova’s intellectual ambition is in evidence in her meticulous analysis and argumentation, and in her novel legal arguments. She assesses prevailing interpretations of these legal terms, and where she finds them lacking, offers her own alternative interpretations. The book is broad in scope. As well as the European protections, it also integrates the international genealogy of these wrongs, and draws in other aspects of international law, including International Criminal Law, the InterAmerican Court’s work on right to legal personality.’ Cathryn Costello, Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford

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    Product details

    • Date Published: June 2018
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781316614778
    • length: 512 pages
    • dimensions: 230 x 153 x 31 mm
    • weight: 0.79kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    1. Introduction
    Part I. The Human Trafficking Legal Framework:
    2. Origins, context and the currently valid law
    3. The definition of human trafficking in international law
    4. Positive obligations under the human trafficking legal framework
    Part II. The Human Rights Law Framework:
    5. The historical background
    6. Definitions with contemporary relevance
    7. The relationship between the concept of human trafficking and the concepts of slavery, servitude and forced labour
    8. Positive obligations under human rights law
    9. Conclusion.

  • Author

    Vladislava Stoyanova, Lunds Universitet, Sweden
    Vladislava Stoyanova is a postdoctoral fellow at the Faculty of Law, Lunds Universitet, Sweden. She is a lecturer in Migration Law and Human Rights Law and the director of the Migration Law course. She has published extensively in the field of human trafficking, slavery, migration law, refugee law and human rights law, and is an expert in Bulgarian migration and refugee law.


    • Winner (for Ph.D. thesis), 2016 Lund Society of Humanities and Social Sciences Award

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