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Pions to Quarks
Particle Physics in the 1950s

$72.00 (C)

Laurie M. Brown, Max Dresden, Lillian Hoddeson, Chen Ning Yang, J. L. Heilbron, George D. Rochester, Donald H. Perkins, Robert L. Walker, Robert Hofstadter, Robert G. Sachs, Kameshwar C. Wali, Matthew Sands, John P. Blewett, Lawrence W. Jones, Luis W. Alvarez, Ugo Amaldi, Robert Hofstadter, Donald W. Kerst, Robert R. Wilson, Ernest D. Courant, Donald W. Kerst, Peter Galison, Shuji Fukui, Owen Chamberlain, Oreste Piccioni, Luis W. Alvarez, Jack Steinberger, William Chinowsky, William B. Fowler, Abraham Pais, Frederick Reines, Bruno M. Pontecorvo, Louis Michel, Sam B. Treiman, Allan Franklin, Richard H. Dalitz, Val L. Fitch, Valentine L. Telegdi, E. C. G. Sudarshan, Robert Seidel, Edoardo Amaldi, Armin Hermann, Abdus Salam, Michiji Konuma, Helmut Rechenberg, Andy Pickering, Geoffrey F. Chew, Arthur S. Wrightman, Yuval Ne'eman, Yoichiro Nambu, Robert E. Marshak, Silvan S. Schweber, Murray Gell-Mann
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  • Date Published: January 2009
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9780521100731

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About the Authors
  • Editors Laurie Brown, Max Dresden and Lillian Hoddeson have assembled a prestigious group of physicists and historians of science to present a broadly balanced picture of this exciting scientific era that witnessed the coming of age of particle physics and its development into 'big science'. The historical studies and analyses provided in the volume are unique in their scope and level of detail. Major topics and developments addressed include the important experiments and their theoretical explanations, the design and construction of scientific instruments and the establishment of major research centres - especially the national laboratories that played a key role in the transformation of particle physics into 'big science'. These essays also range from sociological analyses of the particle physics subculture and the political aspects of research funding to discussions of symmetry and axiomatic field theory.

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    Product details

    • Date Published: January 2009
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9780521100731
    • length: 768 pages
    • dimensions: 229 x 152 x 39 mm
    • weight: 1.01kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Part I. Introduction
    1. Pions to quarks: particle physics in the 1950s Laurie M Brown, Max Dresden and Lillian Hoddeson
    2. Particle physics in the early 1950s Chen Ning Yang
    3. An historian's interest in particle physics J. L. Heilbron
    Part II. Particle discoveries in cosmic rays
    4. Cosmic-ray cloud-chamber contributions to the discovery of the strange particles in the decade 1947–1957 George D. Rochester
    5. Cosmic-ray work with emulsions in the 1940s and 1950s Donald H. Perkins
    Part III. High-energy nuclear physics
    Learning about nucleon resonances with pion photoproduction Robert L. Walker
    7. A personal view of nucleon structure as revealed by electron scattering Robert Hofstadter
    8. Comments on electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon Robert G. Sachs and Kameshwar C. Wali
    Part IV. The new laboratory
    9. The making of an accelerator physicist Matthew Sands
    10. Accelerator design and construction in the 1950s John P. Blewett
    11. Early history of the Cosmotron and AGS Ernest D. Courant
    12. Panel on accelerators and detectors in the 1950s Lawrence W. Jones, Luis W. Alvarez, Ugo Amaldi, Robert Hofstadter, Donald W. Kerst, Robert R. Wilson
    13. Accelerators and the Midwestern Universities Research Association in the 1950s Donald W. Kerst
    14. Bubbles, sparks and the postwar laboratory Peter Galison
    15. Development of the discharge (spark) chamber in Japan in the 1950s Shuji Fukui
    16. Early work at the Bevatron: a personal account Gerson Goldhaber
    17. The discovery of the antiproton Owen Chamberlain
    18. On the antiproton discovery Oreste Piccioni
    Part V. The Strange Particles
    19. The hydrogen bubble chamber and the strange resonances Luis W. Alvarez
    20. A particular view of particle physics in the fifties Jack Steinberger
    21. Strange particles William Chinowsky
    22. Strange particles: production by Cosmotron beams as observed in diffusion cloud chambers William B. Fowler
    23. From the 1940s into the 1950s Abraham Pais
    Part VI. Detection of the neutrino Frederick Reines
    25. Recollections on the establishment of the weak-interaction notion Bruno M. Pontecorvo
    26. Symmetry and conservation laws in particle physics in the fifties Louis Michel
    27. A connection between the strong and weak interactions Sam B. Treiman
    Part VII. Weak interactions and parity nonconservation
    29. The nondiscovery of parity nonconservation Allan Franklin
    30. K-meson decays and parity violation Richard H. Dalitz
    31. An Experimentalist's Perspective Val L. Fitch
    32. The early experiments leading to the V – A interaction Valentine L. Telegdi
    33. Midcentury adventures in particles physics E. C. G. Sudarshan
    Part VIII. The particle physics community
    34. The postwar political economy of high-energy physics Robert Seidel
    35. The history of CERN during the early 1950s Edoardo Amaldi
    36. Arguments pro and contra the European laboratory in the participating countries Armin Hermann
    37. Physics and excellences of the life it brings Abdus Salam
    38. Social aspects of Japanese particle physics in the 1950s Michiji Konuma
    Part IX. Theories of hadrons
    39. The early S-matrix theory and its propagation (1942–1952) Helmut Rechenberg
    40. From field theory to phenomenology: the history of dispersion relations Andy Pickering
    41. Particles as S-matrix poles: hadron democracy Geoffrey F. Chew
    42. The general theory of quantised fields in the 1950s Arthur S. Wrightman
    43. The classification and structure of hadrons Yuval Ne'eman
    44. Gauge principle, vector-meson dominance and spontaneous symmetry breaking Yoichiro Nambu
    Part X. Personal overviews
    45. Scientific impact of the first decade of the Rochester conferences (1950–1960) Robert E. Marshak
    46. Some reflections on the history of particle physics in the 1950s Silvan S. Schweber
    47. Progress in elementary particle theory 1950–1964 Murray Gell-Mann.

  • Editors

    Laurie Mark Brown

    Max Dresden

    Lillian Hoddeson

    Contributors

    Laurie M. Brown, Max Dresden, Lillian Hoddeson, Chen Ning Yang, J. L. Heilbron, George D. Rochester, Donald H. Perkins, Robert L. Walker, Robert Hofstadter, Robert G. Sachs, Kameshwar C. Wali, Matthew Sands, John P. Blewett, Lawrence W. Jones, Luis W. Alvarez, Ugo Amaldi, Robert Hofstadter, Donald W. Kerst, Robert R. Wilson, Ernest D. Courant, Donald W. Kerst, Peter Galison, Shuji Fukui, Owen Chamberlain, Oreste Piccioni, Luis W. Alvarez, Jack Steinberger, William Chinowsky, William B. Fowler, Abraham Pais, Frederick Reines, Bruno M. Pontecorvo, Louis Michel, Sam B. Treiman, Allan Franklin, Richard H. Dalitz, Val L. Fitch, Valentine L. Telegdi, E. C. G. Sudarshan, Robert Seidel, Edoardo Amaldi, Armin Hermann, Abdus Salam, Michiji Konuma, Helmut Rechenberg, Andy Pickering, Geoffrey F. Chew, Arthur S. Wrightman, Yuval Ne'eman, Yoichiro Nambu, Robert E. Marshak, Silvan S. Schweber, Murray Gell-Mann

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