Disciples of the State?
Religion and State-Building in the Former Ottoman World
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- Author: Kristin Fabbe, Harvard Business School, Massachusetts
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As the Ottoman Empire crumbled, the Middle East and Balkans became the site of contestation and cooperation between the traditional forces of religion and the emergent machine of the sovereign state. Yet such strategic interaction rarely yielded a decisive victory for either the secular state or for religion. By tracing how state-builders engaged religious institutions, elites, and attachments, this book problematizes the divergent religion-state power configurations that have developed. There are two central arguments. First, states carved out more sovereign space in places like Greece and Turkey, where religious elites were integral to early centralizing reform processes. Second, region-wide structural constraints on the types of linkages that states were able to build with religion have generated long-term repercussions. Fatefully, both state policies that seek to facilitate equality through the recognition of religious difference and state policies that seek to eradicate such difference have contributed to failures of liberal democratic consolidation.Read more
- Draws from a unique set of comparative cases across the former Ottoman Empire, providing readers with an understanding of how religion-state relations evolved in both Muslim and Christian majority countries
- Challenges conventional definitions of secularism and the forces behind it to help readers see how state transformations typically attributed to revolutionary secularization were often neither secular nor revolutionary
- Examines the link between religion-state relations, the politics of exclusion, and the prospects of liberal democracy, offering a better understanding of why the quest for durable forms of liberal democracy has been elusive in the former Ottoman world
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- Date Published: March 2019
- format: Adobe eBook Reader
- isbn: 9781108321235
- contains: 10 b/w illus. 4 tables
- availability: This ISBN is for an eBook version which is distributed on our behalf by a third party.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: religion and the quest for state soverignty
2. Creating disciples of the state
3. The Ottoman imperial footprint and international context
4. The first reformer: Egypt under Muḥammad ʿAlī
5. Synthesizing the religious and the national in a revolutionary and irredentist Greece
6. The religious roots of the 'secular' state: understanding Turkey's sacred-synthesis of the religious and the national
7. How the religious and the national diverge: evidence from Egypt
8. Sacred-synthesis, the politics of exclusion, and the prospects of liberal democracy
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