Ideological Representation: Achieved and Astray
Elections, Institutions, and the Breakdown of Ideological Congruence in Parliamentary Democracies
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- Author: G. Bingham Powell, Jr, University of Rochester, New York
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Ideological congruence is the term generally used in comparative politics for the representative relationship between the general preferences of citizens and the perceived and stated position of government. This study provides a systematic comparative assessment of success and failure in achieving ideological congruence in nineteen developed parliamentary democracies from 1996 through to 2017. It then deconstructs the processes through which elections can connect citizens and governments into the three major stages: citizens' votes in parliamentary elections; the conversion of those votes into legislative representation; the election of prime ministers by their parliaments and the appointment of cabinet ministers. Analyzing these three stages shows that average distance from the median citizen increases at each stage, with only a few remarkable recoveries once congruence begins to go astray.Read more
- Deconstructs representation connection between elections and parliamentary governments into three stages: voting, legislative representation and government formation
- Bases the analysis primarily on seventy-one elections in nineteen developed parliamentary democracies, using specific illustrative elections and statistical descriptions, public opinion surveys and party election promises
- Shows the roles of political parties and election rules in shaping the full representation process
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- Date Published: April 2019
- format: Adobe eBook Reader
- isbn: 9781108681124
- contains: 28 b/w illus. 27 tables
- availability: This ISBN is for an eBook version which is distributed on our behalf by a third party.
Table of Contents
1. Elections and ideological congruence in parliamentary democracies
2. The (rocky) paths to government congruence: three stages
3. Party systems as contexts
4. Incongruence at stage I: starting out on or off the path to ideological congruence
5. Congruence failures at stage II: votes into seats – disproportionality and the distance of the median legislative party
6. Forming governments: stage III failure – distance of the governments
7. A special analysis problem at stage III: minority governments
8. The costs of ideological congruence: achieving and achieved
9. Representation in parliamentary democracies: when does congruence go astray?
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