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Labor Unions, Partisan Coalitions, and Market Reforms in Latin America

Labor Unions, Partisan Coalitions, and Market Reforms in Latin America

$31.99 (P)

Part of Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics

  • Date Published: May 2001
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9780521785556

$ 31.99 (P)

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About the Authors
  • Due to economic crises, labor parties followed economic policies that hurt labor unions during the 1990s, such as trade liberalization and privatization. This book explains why labor unions resisted on some occasions and submitted on others and what the consequences of their actions were by studying three countries: Argentina, Mexico, and Venezuela. The comparison between the experiences of the three countries and five different sectors in each country shows the importance of politics in explaining labor reactions and their effects on economic policies.

    • Shows that neoliberal reforms required a great deal of bargaining with social actors in general and labor unions in particular in Latin America
    • Shows that populist coalitions did not vanish and maintained their appeal to labor in order to implement new policies and keep electoral power
    • Analyzes how national labor unions in Argentina, Mexico, and Venezuela responded to their governments' neoliberal economic policies
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    Reviews & endorsements

    "Students of labor and market reform would be wise to include Murillo's variables in their comparative research." Comparative Labor Law & Policy Journal

    "In Labor Unions, Murillo gives a realistic account of the political role that unions have had, either by supporting or by opposing, in the process of market reforms. ..The book is well written and provides insights into how political actors were able to construct political coalitions, changing their past ideologies, in the face of economic reforms." Political Studies

    "Murillo's work usefully expands the literature on labor and market-oriented economic transition, much of which has concentrated on single industries or single countries.... Murillo'w research design, encompassing five industries and their labor centrals over time, is elegant and ambitious..." American Political Science Review

    "...the book is remarkably succinct...Murillo's book is a solid contribution to comparative political economy. The author's careful attention to comparative theory-building invites scholars to test her theory in other regional contexts, such as Europe...Everyone interested in the role of labor in market reforms should read this book." Industrial and Labor Relations Review

    "Murillo's contribution to understanding the nature of capital-labor relations within a world of quickly shifting boundaries is quite valuable for her analysis addresses 'one of the political challenges created when increasing capital mobility and trade integration make state intervention more difficult in nations across the world'...Although dynamics at the national level may be increasingly losing relevance in a 'globalized' world, Murillo carefully demonstrates the importance of paying attention to the subtleties of internal dynamics at the micro-level (e.g., rivalries among unions or union leaders) in order to appreciate fully the spectrum of responses organized labor can offer transnational capital." Latin American Research Review

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    Product details

    • Date Published: May 2001
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9780521785556
    • length: 272 pages
    • dimensions: 229 x 152 x 16 mm
    • weight: 0.4kg
    • contains: 10 b/w illus.
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    1. Unions' dilemma: how to survive neoliberalism
    2. A theory of union-government interaction
    3. The populist past and its institutional legacies
    4. A tug of war: labor unions and market reforms in Venezuela
    5. Divided we rule: labor unions and market reforms in Mexico
    6. From pickets to prices: labor unions and market reform in Argentina
    7. Multilevel comparison
    8. Labor competition and partisan coalitions.

  • Author

    Maria Victoria Murillo, Yale University, Connecticut

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