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OPEC Origins and Strategy 1947–1973

OPEC Origins and Strategy 1947–1973
6 Volume Hardback Set

£2,100.00

Cambridge Archive Editions
  • Date Published: October 2004
  • availability: Temporarily unavailable - available from TBC
  • format: Multiple copy pack
  • isbn: 9781840970906

£2,100.00
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  • This collection of documents is a selection of official British government records pertaining to the creation of OPEC in 1960, and the activities of precursor and related bodies and events from 1947. The volumes cover OPEC's major meetings from 1960-1973, the reactions and evolving policy decisions on the part of British officials, diplomats and politicians at every level, as well as British interaction, co-operation and differences with the United States and the European Community, through the records of the Cabinet, the Foreign Office, the Ministry of Fuel and Power, Prime Minister's Office and the Treasury. British records are naturally dominated and informed by the relations with the major domestic oil companies, BP and Shell, through which many of the records tracing OPEC's activities were obtained.

    • Facsimile collections of key documents from archive sources
    • Previously unknown or fragmented material now available in a coherent collection
    • Carefully selected and edited for maximum value to researchers and scholars
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    Product details

    • Date Published: October 2004
    • Format: Multiple copy pack
    • Isbn: 9781840970906
    • Length: 4400 pages
    • Dimensions: 431 x 410 x 207 mm
    • Weight: 10.5kg
    • Availability: Temporarily unavailable - available from TBC
    • Paper: Printed on acid free paper
    • Binding: Library bindings with gilt finish
    • Resume

      This collection of documents is a selection of official British government records pertaining to the creation of OPEC in 1960, and the activities of precursor and related bodies and events from 1947. The volumes cover OPEC's major meetings from 1960–1973, the reactions and evolving policy decisions on the part of British officials, diplomats and politicians at every level, as well as British interaction, co-operation and differences with the United States and the European Community, through the records of the Cabinet, the Foreign Office, the Ministry of Fuel and Power, Prime Minister's Office and the Treasury. British records are naturally dominated and informed by the relations with the major domestic oil companies, BP and Shell, through which many of the records tracing OPEC's activities were obtained.

    • Documentary Importance

      Volume 1: 1947-1959
      Volume 2: 1960-1963
      Volume 3: 1963-1966
      Volume 4: 1967-1971
      Volume 5: 1971-1972
      Volume 6: 1972-1973

      CONTENTS OUTLINE
      Volume 1: 1947-1959
      Western recognition of the need to assert control over world oil stocks
      Proposals from International Co-operative Alliance, USA, to place Middle East oil under UN control, 1947/1948
      50/50 tax legislation introduced between Saudi Arabia and ARAMCO, 1951
      Boycott of oil supplies to Israel 1953
      50/50 tax legislation Kuwait, 1954
      Proposal for a 75/25 system of tax legislation, 1955
      Venezuelan response to the First Arab Oil Experts Congress, 1957
      First Arab League Petroleum Congress, Cairo, 1959
      Volume 2: 1960-1963
      Oil company plans to cut posted prices, 1960
      Middle East support for the alternative plans outlined by Peres Alfonso, Venezuelan Minister of Mines, 1960
      The creation of OPEC, 1960. Founder members: Iran; Iraq; Kuwait; Saudi Arabia; Venezuela
      Resolutions from the 1st , 2nd and 3rd conferences
      Qatar becomes an full member of OPEC, 1961
      Arab Economic League Council's proposals for an Arab tanker fleet and pipeline, 1961
      Iraq's demands to increase control of petroleum operations and finances, 1961
      OPEC interest in Russian Oil policy, 1961
      Iraq/Kuwait dispute, 1961
      Reactions in Qatar to the 4th Conference resolutions
      OPEC calls for negotiations on oil prices based on posted prices and for long term price policy, on royalty payments and on marketing expenses, 1962
      Indonesia and Libya become full members of OPEC, 1962
      Negotiations between Iran and the Consortium, and Saudi Arabia and ARAMCO, 1962
      Oil companies accept the principle of OPEC, and Mr Rouhani in particular, negotiating on behalf of member states, 1963
      Venezuela and OPEC begin to have diverging aims, 1963
      Volume 3: 1963-1966
      OPEC negotiates with oil companies on behalf of Iran, 1963
      British liaison with US State Dept over oil company terms, 1963
      Mr Rouhani to represent Saudi Arabia with ARAMCO and Libya with Esso, 1963
      Iran and Saudi Arabia agree to Consortium offer ahead of OPEC conference, Beirut 1963
      OPEC rejects Consortium offer at Beirut conference
      Iraq and Venezuela hold opposing position to Iran, early 1964
      Iran's position within OPEC and the view of the Shah, 1964
      ARAMCO negotiations with Saudi Arabia, 1964
      Saudi Arabia and Iran liaise on oil company negotiations, 1964
      Issue of expensing royalties dominates the 6th Conference, 1964
      Commitment by all member states to progressing Resolution IV.32 - on posted prices
      Oil companies concede on the Arbitration Clause, January 1965
      OPEC moves from Geneva to Vienna, 1965
      Resolution IX.61: possible introduction of a planned production programme to limit price falls, 1965
      Saudi Arabian comment on the revision of the royalty and expensing payment systems, 1966
      Volume 4: 1967-1971
      Western opinions regarding the political aspects of the Sixth Arab Petroleum Congress, March 1967
      United Arab Emirates become an full member of OPEC, 1967
      OPEC having only moderate influence on production programming in Saudi Arabia, 1967
      Impact of the Six-Day War: the Arab oil boycott, 1967
      UK and US concerns about oil supply, 1967
      ARAMCO offer to Saudi Arabia on royalty expensing and the elimination of discounts in return for the reopening of Tapline and the Suez Canal, 1967
      The Second International Symposium on Energy, Rome 1968: OPEC statement reporting oil companies agreement to phase out the royalty-expensing allowances between 1967 and 1974
      OPEC interest in European energy markets, 1968
      Creation of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries, 1968, with statement of the aims of OAPEC by Shaikh Zaki Yamani
      Meeting of the Representatives of the National Oil Companies of OPEC member countries, 1968
      Views held by Shaikh Zaki Yamani as the spokesman for OAPEC, 1968
      Libyan moves upon the OPEC Conservation Law, (Petroleum Regulation 8), 1968
      Global oil problems: disruption to Middle East oil supplies; slow down in off-take; world oil prices, 1969
      Algeria becomes an full member of OPEC, 1969
      Revolution in Libya and the new regime, 1969
      The potential impact on US oil interests of their political policy in the Middle East, 1969
      Implementation and enforcement of Petroleum Conservation regulation No. 8 by Libya, 1969
      Libya negotiates successfully with the oil companies, with particular reference to posted prices, 1970
      OPEC support for the Algerian Government, 1970
      Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya and Saudi Arabia create an Inter-ministerial Committee on the implementation of the principle of participation, 1970
      Co-ordination of a joint approach by consumer-countries to negotiations with OPEC, 1970
      Major oil companies set about creating a joint oil company organisation, 1971
      Nigeria becomes an full member of OPEC, 1971
      Two ‘factions' emerge within OPEC: the Gulf producers; and the Mediterranean group, 1971
      Oil companies' strategy for negotiations with both groups: proposals to be presented simultaneously at Tehran and Tripoli, 1971
      Volume 5: 1971-1972
      The Tehran Agreement, 1971 relating to the Gulf countries of Abu Dhabi, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar and Saudi Arabia
      Implications of the Tehran agreement for the Mediterranean group, 1971
      OPEC expresses concerns about the devaluation of the dollar, 1971
      British government takes opposite view to oil companies regarding conceding the principle of participation, 1971
      The Three Nation Committee intend to negotiate on behalf of the Gulf producers in seeking both host-country participation in existing concessions and an offset in real income to compensate for the current monetary crisis and the weak dollar, 1971
      Governments and oil companies agree to act jointly in negotiations with OPEC and agree to reactivation of the London Policy Group, 1971
      UK fears a threat to oil supplies, Libya seizes £294,000 from ESSO, 1971
      Libya nationalises BP, 1971
      OECD reviews its relationship with OPEC, 1971
      Agreement reached on dollar parity, 1971
      Further negotiations on participation at Geneva, 1972
      Volume 6: 1972-1973
      The principle of participation examined further by the British Government, 1972
      ARAMCO/Saudi Arabia and the Consortium/Iran participation negotiations break down, 1972
      Saudi Arabian attitudes harden as US major oil companies use hostile tactics, 1972
      Iran moves towards greater involvement in oil production independently of OPEC, 1972
      ARAMCO reports its concession of the principle of 20% participation to the London Policy Group, 1972
      Kuwait Oil Company agrees to 20 % participation, 1972
      British government anxious to avoid disruption of supply, 1972
      Iraq nationalises IPC, 1972
      Algeria associates the nationalisation of the oil company with the battle of the Palestinian people and urges other Arab countries to acquire sovereignty of their oil reserves, 1972
      OPEC passes a resolution supporting Iraq, 1972
      Saudi Arabia/ARAMCO negotiations stall on the issue of compensation, 1972
      Agreement reached in Iran, 1972
      Agreement reached in Saudi Arabia: updated book value is accepted in return for security of supply, 1972
      Kuwaiti concerns over the timetable for 51% participation because of fears over depletion of reserves and the issue of buy-back oil, 1972
      Negotiations on participation continue in Libya, 1972
      Saudi Arabia and Abu Dhabi secure agreements on participation, 1972
      Kuwait and Qatar sign the participation agreement, 1973
      Iran and Iraq reach agreement with the Consortium, IPC and NIOC, 1973
      OPEC discusses economic growth and dollar devaluation, 1973
      Consumer countries propose an anti-OPEC coalition, 1973
      The Geneva Agreement on currency parity changes is renegotiated, 1973
      The transformation of the Arab position by their ability to use oil for political purposes, 1973
      Code of practice on pollution to be drawn up, 1973
      The negotiations in Vienna, October 1973, signal the final complete transfer of control over the price system into the hands of the producers
      OPEC secures a 70% increase in the posted prices, 1973
      OAPEC uses the ‘oil weapon' to support Egypt and Syria in their war against Israel, 1973
      Embargoes on the USA and the Netherlands, 1973
      Shaikh Ahmed Yamani and Belaid Abdesselam visit oil importing countries to explain the policy objectives of the Arab oil restrictions, 1973
      OPEC seeks to create a pricing policy, 1973
      OPEC approves a dramatic increase in the price of Arabian crude, December 1973, for the start of the New Year

  • Editor

    A. Burdett

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