Biblical textual criticism underwent major developments during the nineteenth century. Scholars such as Griesbach, Lachmann and Tischendorf in Germany and Tregelles, Scrivener, Westcott and Hort in England devoted their careers to the search for a more authoritative Greek New Testament text than had previously been available. Towards the end of the century, Swete, Brooke and others applied similar critical techniques to the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible. These efforts were rooted in new evaluations of the earliest surviving bible manuscripts preserved in European libraries and further afield. This series includes many of the landmark Bible editions of the period, editions of apocryphal and exegetical writings from the early Christian era, and first-hand accounts of the discovery of key manuscripts by scholars including the controversial Tischendorf and the Scottish twin sisters Agnes Lewis and Margaret Gibson, nées Smith.
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