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Making Race and Nation
A Comparison of South Africa, the United States, and Brazil


Part of Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics

  • Date Published: March 1998
  • availability: Available
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9780521584555

£ 47.99

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About the Authors
  • Why and how has race become a central aspect of politics during this century? This book addresses this pressing question by comparing South African apartheid and resistance to it, the United States Jim Crow law and protests against it, and the myth of racial democracy in Brazil. Anthony Marx argues that these divergent experiences had roots in the history of slavery, colonialism, miscegenation and culture, but were fundamentally shaped by impediments and efforts to build national unity. In South Africa and the United States, ethnic or regional conflicts among whites were resolved by unifying whites and excluding blacks, while Brazil's longer established national unity required no such legal racial crutch. Race was thus central to projects of nation-building, and nationalism shaped uses of race. Professor Marx extends this argument to explain popular protest and the current salience of issues of race.

    • A comprehensive historical comparative study of the major issues of race and nation
    • Combines political, social and economic analysis to break barriers between country studies and issues of race, nation, state and social movement
    • Draws upon archival material, literature, and more than 300 interviews
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    Reviews & endorsements

    '… Marx's book is the only systematic and detailed comparison of race and racism in all three countries yet to appear … his bold and provocative argument illuminates an important and previously neglected facet of the comparative history of race relations. He has brought the state into the discussion of how race is made in a way that will make it impossible to ignore in the future'. The New York Review

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    Product details

    • Date Published: March 1998
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9780521584555
    • length: 412 pages
    • dimensions: 229 x 152 x 27 mm
    • weight: 0.77kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Preface and acknowledgements
    1. Introduction
    Part I. Historical and Cultural Legacies:
    2. Trajectories from colonialism
    3. Lessons from slavery
    4. The uncertain legacy of miscegenation
    Part II. Racial Domination and the Nation-State:
    5. 'Wee for thee, South Africa': the racial state
    6. 'To bind up the nation's wounds': the United States after the Civil War
    7. 'Order and progress': inclusive nation-state building in Brazil
    Comparative racial domination: an overview
    Part III. Race Making from Below:
    8. 'We are a rock': Black racial identity, mobilization and the new South Africa
    9. Burying Jim Crow: Black racial identity, mobilization and reform in the United States
    10. Breaching Brazil's pact of silence
    11. Conclusion

  • Instructors have used or reviewed this title for the following courses

    • Race in the Americas
  • Author

    Anthony W. Marx, Columbia University, New York

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