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Dryland Climatology


  • Date Published: March 2018
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781108446549

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About the Authors
  • A comprehensive review of dryland climates and their relationship to the physical environment, hydrology, and inhabitants. Chapters are divided into five major sections on background meteorology and climatology; the nature of dryland climates in relation to precipitation and hydrology; the climatology and climate dynamics of the major dryland regions on each continent; and life and change in the world's drylands. It includes key topics such as vegetation, geomorphology, desertification, micro-habitats, and adaptation to dryland environments. This interdisciplinary volume provides an extensive review of the primary literature (covering nearly 2000 references) and the conventional and satellite datasets that form key research tools for dryland climatology. Illustrated with over 300 author photographs, it presents a unique view of dryland climates for a broad spectrum of researchers, environmental professionals and advanced students in climatology, meteorology, geography, environment science, earth system science, ecology, hydrology and geomorphology.

    • Presents a unique look at climate in a broad environmental context, which shows the interrelationships among climate, hydrology, ecology, geomorphology and habitability
    • Provides a basic overview of the core principles and processes in meteorology, hydrology and geomorphology, making the book a useful resource for readers from a variety of different disciplines
    • Mathematical treatments are generally avoided and physical processes are explained without the need for complex formulae
    • Includes up-to-date information on new areas, such as patch dynamics and ecohydrology, which bring readers to the frontiers of research in dryland climatology
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    Reviews & endorsements

    'Dryland Climatology provides the tools for an integrated understanding of the major drivers and effects of dryland climates [and] is much more than a traditional climatology monograph … Written by a leading climatologist with decades of active research in arid environments, this unique book addresses a readership of students, researchers, and practitioners in the fields of dryland science … I strongly recommend this topical book for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses and as a reference for research on dryland climates and arid landscapes.' Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union

    'Dryland Climatology presents a unique view of dryland climates from a broad perspective. The author, Sharon E. Nicholson, draws together over 30 years of her research in drylands to provide a comprehensive, 500-plus-page review of dryland climates … comprehensive yet skilfully crafted to explain detailed and complex concepts in an easy-to-follow manner … this volume has been very carefully thought through and nicely presented. [It] is a must for anybody interested in dryland systems and certainly reaches audiences far beyond the title.' Adrian G. Parker, The Holocene

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    Product details

    • Date Published: March 2018
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781108446549
    • length: 528 pages
    • dimensions: 282 x 217 x 30 mm
    • weight: 1.4kg
    • contains: 728 b/w illus. 20 tables
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Part I. The Dryland Environment:
    1. Introduction to dryland environments
    2. The geomorphologic background
    3. Vegetation of the dryland regions
    Part II. The Meteorological Background:
    4. The general atmospheric circulation
    5. The global distribution of arid climates and rainfall
    6. Radiation, heat and surface exchange processes
    7. Water balance
    8. Evaporation
    Part III. The Climatic Environment of Drylands:
    9. Defining aridity: the classification and character of dryland climates
    10. Desert microclimate
    11. Precipitation in the drylands
    12. Hydrologic processes in the drylands
    13. Desert winds and dust
    Part IV. The Earth's Dry Lands:
    14. North America
    15. South America
    16. Subsaharan Africa
    17. The Mediterranean lands
    18. Australia
    19. Asia
    20. Coastal deserts
    Part V. Life and Change in the Dryland Regions:
    21. Drought and other hazards
    22. Desertification
    23. People in the dryland environments
    24. Plant and animal life in the desert
    25. Climatic variability and climatic change

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    Dryland Climatology

    Sharon E. Nicholson

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  • Author

    Sharon E. Nicholson, Florida State University
    Sharon E. Nicholson is a Professor of Meteorology at Florida State University, where she holds the rank of Distinguished Research Professor and also serves as the H. and K. Lettau Professor of Climatology. She has previously held positions at the Rheinische Friedrich-Willhelms-Universität Bonn, Clark University, Massachusetts, and the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Colorado. She is acknowledged as an international expert on the climate of arid and semi-arid regions, having been active in arid lands research for forty years, and is best known for her work on climatic variability in Africa. Professor Nicholson's work has been acknowledged by awards and medals from the American Meteorological Society and the Royal Meteorological Society of the UK. Her photographic skills have seen her placed as a finalist in the National Geographic Travel Photography Contest and the American Geophysical Union's Geophysical Images Competition.

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