The Geology of Mars
Evidence from Earth-Based Analogs
Part of Cambridge Planetary Science
- Editor: Mary Chapman, United States Geological Survey, Arizona
Research into the geological processes operating on Mars relies on interpretation of images and other data returned by unmanned orbiters, probes and landers. Such interpretations are based on our knowledge of processes occurring on Earth Terrestrial analog studies therefore play an important role in understanding the geological features observed on Mars. This 2007 book presents direct comparisons between locales on Earth and Mars, and contains contributions from leading planetary geologists to demonstrate the parallels and differences between these two neighboring planets. Mars is characterized by a wide range of geological phenomena that also occur on Earth, including tectonic, volcanic, impact cratering, eolian, fluvial, glacial and possibly lacustrine and marine processes. The book provides terrestrial analogs for data sets from Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Odyssey, Mars Exploration Rovers and Mars Express, and will therefore be a key reference for students and researchers of planetary science.Read more
- Includes data from all the latest Mars missions including Mars Express and the Mars Exploration Rovers - Spirit and Opportunity
- Covers volcanic, aeolian, glacial, fluvial, lacustrine, tectonic and impact processes
- Also includes a chapter on developing more sophisticated human-robotic technologies for geological exploration
- Winner of the 2008 IAA Basic Science Award.
Reviews & endorsements
Review of the hardback: 'This book … will have wide appeal for planetary geologists. … it stresses the value of Earth-based comparisons in the understanding of images returned from the Red Planet. … The book is very well illustrated and contains a selection of colour plates. … As the prospect of a manned mission to Mars continues to recede, this book should prove to be of special importance for some time to come.' The ObservatorySee more reviews
Review of the hardback: 'A thought-provoking book - highly recommended.' Journal of Geological Magazine
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- Date Published: June 2007
- format: Adobe eBook Reader
- isbn: 9780511282522
- availability: This ISBN is for an eBook version which is distributed on our behalf by a third party.
Table of Contents
Introduction M. G. Chapman
1. The geology of Mars: New insights and outstanding questions J. W. Head
2. Impact structures on Earth and Mars N. G. Barlow, V. Sharpton and R. O. Kusmin
3. Terrestrial analogs to the calderas of the Tharsis volcanoes on Mars P. J. Mouginis-Mark, A. J. L. Harris and S. K. Rowland
4. Volcanic features of New Mexico analogous to volcanic features on Mars L.S. Crumpler, J.C. Aubele and J.R. Zimbelman
5. Comparison of flood lavas on Earth and Mars L. Keszthelyi and A. McEwen
6. Rootless volcanic cones on Iceland and on Mars S. A. Fagents and T. Thordarson
7.Mars interior layered deposits and terrestrial sub-ice volcanoes compared: Observations and interpretations of similar geomorphic characteristics M. G. Chapman and J. L. Smellie
8. Unique lava flow morphologies in Amazonis Planitia, Mars: Interactions of ice, dust and lava? T. Gregg
9. Aeolian features in the western United States as analogs to wind-related features on Mars J. R. Zimbelman and S. H. Williams
10. Debris flows in Greenland and on Mars F. Costard, F. Forget, V. Jomelli, N. Mangold and J. Peulvast
11. Siberian rivers and Martian outflow channels: an analogy F. Costard and E. Gautier
12. Formation of valleys and cataclysimic flooding on Earth and Mars G. Komatsu and V. R. Baker
13. Playa environments on Earth: Possible analogues for Mars G. Komatsu, G. G. Ori, L. Maninangeli and J. E. Moersch
14. Signatures of habitats and life in Earth's high-altitude lakes: clues to Noachian aqueous environments on Mars N. A. Cabrol, E. A. Grin, K. T. Kiss, E. Ács, I. Grigorszky, K. Szabò, B. Tóth, D. A. Fike, A. N. Hock, C. Demergasso, L. Escudero, G. Chong, P. Galleguillos, B.H Grigsby, J. Zambrana Román, C. P. McKay and C. Tambley
15. The canyonlands model for 'simple' planetary grabens: Revised physical basis and implications R. A. Schultz, J. M. Moore, E. B. Grosfils, K.L. Tanaka and D. Mège
16. Geochemical analogues and Martian meteorites H. E. Newsom
17. Integrated mission simulation design using analogues for science-driven geological and biological planetary exploration with humans and robots K. Snook, B. Glass, G. Briggs and J. Jasper
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