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Social Citizenship and Workfare in the United States and Western Europe
The Paradox of Inclusion


Part of Cambridge Studies in Law and Society

  • Date Published: April 2004
  • availability: In stock
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9780521833707

£ 103.00

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About the Authors
  • This book compares workfare policies in the United States and 'active labor policies' in Western Europe that are aimed primarily at the long-term unemployed, unemployed youth, lone parents, immigrants and other vulnerable groups often referred to collectively as the 'socially excluded'. The Europeans maintain that workfare is the best method of bringing the socially excluded back into mainstream society. Although there are differences in terms of ideology and practice, Joel F. Handler argues that there are also significant similarities, especially field-level practices that serve to exclude those who are the least employable or lack other qualifications that agencies favor. The author also examines strategies for reform, including protective labor legislation, the Open Method of Coordination, the reform of social and employment services, and concludes with an argument for a basic income guarantee, which would not only alleviate poverty but also provide clients with an exit option.

    • The distinctive aspect of the book is a description and analysis of common ideologies and practices across countries that appear to have very different social welfare traditions.
    • A description of actual, field-level practices in welfare administration
    • An analysis of reform strategies in light of field-level problems and capabilities
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    Product details

    • Date Published: April 2004
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9780521833707
    • length: 330 pages
    • dimensions: 235 x 157 x 25 mm
    • weight: 0.666kg
    • availability: In stock
  • Table of Contents

    1. Introduction
    2. The American Welfare Reform: 'Ending welfare as we know it': The 'undeserving poor'
    'Ending welfare as we know it'
    The 'work first' strategy
    The low-wage labor market
    The work experience of welfare recipients
    The attitudes of welfare recipients
    The decline in the welfare rolls and poverty
    The future
    Recommendations to make welfare really work
    Social citizenship in the US
    Some lessons from the American experience that might be applicable to Western Europe
    3. The European welfare states: social citizenship in the golden age
    The challenge of unemployment
    The impact on labor
    Vulnerable groups: the socially excluded
    Right, center and left - questioning the welfare state
    The 'third way': from status to contract
    4. Workfare in western Europe: the United Kingdom
    The Netherlands
    Risks for the socially excluded
    5. Social Europe: alternatives? Conclusions? Solutions?
    Part A. Social Europe: convergence vs. path-dependent
    Negative vs. positive integration
    Part B. Reform at the national level
    Part C. Those who remain.

  • Author

    Joel F. Handler, University of California, Los Angeles
    Joel F. Handler is Richard C. Maxwell Professor of Law and Professor of Policy Studies at the University of California, Los Angeles.

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