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Scientific Productivity
The Effectiveness of Research Groups in Six Countries

£31.99

Y. de Hemptinne, Frank M. Andrews, Karin D. Knorr, Roland Mittermeir, Georg Aichholzer, Georg Waller, Veronica Stolte-Heiskanen, Agnes Haraszthy, Lajos Szántó, Salomea Kowalewska, Rikard Stankiewicz, Nicole Visart, Joseph Bonmariage, Edmond Legros, Michel Vessière, Peter Hunya, Arpad Halász, Csaba Fajszi, Gerald A. Cole
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  • Date Published: July 2009
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9780521115704

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  • Scientific research in the service of economic and social development is supported by most governments and many kinds of organizations, but decisions about the determination of priorities and the allocation of resources are always difficult. This volume, first published in 1979, contains a comprehensive and meticulous study of the factors, human as well as material, related to scientists' effectiveness in meeting research goals. An international research team, co-ordinated by Unesco, surveyed members of more than 1,200 different research groups working in a variety of disciplines in universities, government and private research institutes and industry. Systematic samples from six European countries - Austria, Belgium, Finland, Hungary, Poland and Sweden - are represented in the data. The authors' innovative conceptual approaches and techniques will be of great interest to organizational psychologists and sociologists; their substantive findings, which challenge conventional wisdom about strategies for maximizing scientific productivity, will have important implications for all those concerned with science policy planning.

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    Product details

    • Date Published: July 2009
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9780521115704
    • length: 504 pages
    • dimensions: 229 x 152 x 29 mm
    • weight: 0.73kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    List of exhibits
    Foreword by Unesco
    Preface
    Part I. Introduction:
    1. The International comparative study on the organization and performance of research units: an overview Y. de Hemptinne and Frank M. Andrews
    2. The international study: its data sources and measurement procedures Frank M. Andrews
    Part II. Organization Factors and Scientific Performance:
    3. Individual publication productivity as a social position effect in academic and industrial research units Karin D. Knorr, Roland Mittermeir, Georg Aichholzer and Georg Waller
    4. Leadership and group performance: a positive relationship in academic research units Karin D. Knorr, Roland Mittermeir, Georg Aichholzer, and Georg Waller
    5. Externally determined resources and the effectiveness of research units Veronica Stolte-Heiskanen
    6. Some problems of research planning: data from Hungary compared to other Round 1 countries Agnes Haraszthy and Lajos Szántó
    7. Patterns of influence and the performance of research units Salomea Kowalewska
    8. The size and age of Swedish academic research groups and their scientific performance Rikard Stankiewicz
    9. Communication between and within research units Nicole Visart
    10. Motivation, diversity and the performance of research units Frank M. Andrews
    Part III. Methodological Reports:
    11. Ratings of research-unit performance Joseph Bonmariage, Edmond Legros and Michel Vessière:
    12. The analysis strategy of the Hungarian research team and some results on R and D facilities Peter Hunya, Arpad Halász and Csaba Fajszi
    13. Classifying research units by patterns of performance and influence: a typology of the Round 1 data Gerald A. Cole
    14. Estimating the construct validity and correlated error components of the rated-effectiveness measures Frank M. Andrews
    Appendix.

  • Editor

    Frank M. Andrews

    Contributors

    Y. de Hemptinne, Frank M. Andrews, Karin D. Knorr, Roland Mittermeir, Georg Aichholzer, Georg Waller, Veronica Stolte-Heiskanen, Agnes Haraszthy, Lajos Szántó, Salomea Kowalewska, Rikard Stankiewicz, Nicole Visart, Joseph Bonmariage, Edmond Legros, Michel Vessière, Peter Hunya, Arpad Halász, Csaba Fajszi, Gerald A. Cole

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