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Genetically Modified Organisms in Developing Countries

Genetically Modified Organisms in Developing Countries
Risk Analysis and Governance

Ademola A. Adenle, E. Jane Morris, Denis J. Murphy, Wendy Craig, Dennis Ndolo Obonyo, Mark Tepfer, Phil Macdonald, Wilna Jansen van Rijssen, Wynand J. van der Walt, John Komen, Muffy Koch, Jose Falck-Zepeda, Marnus Gouse, Godwin Lemgo, Narender Nehra, Hector Quemada, Monica Racovita, Peter Kearns, Bertrand Dagallier, Takahiko Nikaido, Hans De Steur, Dieter Blancquaert, Christophe Stove, Willy Lambert, Dominique Van Der Straeten, Xavier Gellynck, Peter W. B. Phillips, Stuart J. Smyth, Hossein Azadi, Klaus Ammann, Andrea Sonnino, Sandra Sharry, Mauro Vigani, Wen Xiang, Yunhe Li, Yanhui Lu, Eric M. Hallerman, Yufa Peng, Kongming Wu, Krishna Ravi Srinivas, Carmen Vicien, Eduardo Trigo, Edivaldo Domingues Velini, Maria Lúcia Zaidan Dagli, Gutemberg Delfino de Souza, Rubens José Nascimento, Tassiana Fronza Pinho, Paulo Paes de Andrade, Helaine Carrer, Olalekan Akinbo, Diran Makinde, Julius Ecuru
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  • Date Published: June 2017
  • availability: Available
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9781107151918

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About the Authors
  • Bringing together the ideas of experts from around the world, this incisive text offers cutting-edge perspectives on the risk analysis and governance of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), supporting effective and informed decision-making in developing countries. Comprised of four comprehensive sections, this book covers: integrated risk analysis and decision making, giving an overview of the science involved and examining risk analysis methods that impact decision-making on the release of GMOs, particularly in developing countries; diversification of expertise involved in risk analysis and practical ways in which the lack of expertise in developing countries can be overcome; risk analysis based regulatory systems and how they can be undermined by power relationships and socio-political interests, as well as strategies for improving GMO policy development and regulatory decision-making; and case studies from developing countries providing lessons based on real-world experience that can inform our current thinking.

    • Includes real-world examples and case studies from developing and developed countries that have made progress in the introduction of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), providing practical learning opportunities for readers
    • Identifies specific hurdles that are impeding the development of effective systems of governance of GMOs and outlines a set of actions that will enable developing countries to move forward
    • Provides clear information on the potential of GMOs without scientific jargon, meaning that readers without a technical background can benefit from the text
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    Product details

    • Date Published: June 2017
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9781107151918
    • length: 320 pages
    • dimensions: 254 x 178 x 29 mm
    • weight: 0.8kg
    • contains: 23 b/w illus. 16 tables
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    1. Introduction Ademola A. Adenle, E. Jane Morris and Denis J. Murphy
    2. Recent scientific developments in genetic technologies: implications for future regulation of GMOs in developing countries Denis J. Murphy
    3. A strategy for integrating science into regulatory decision-making for GMOs Wendy Craig, Dennis Ndolo Obonyo and Mark Tepfer
    4. Governance of benefits and risks of GMOs in developing countries E. Jane Morris
    5. The Canadian experience with the creation and implementation of regulatory frameworks for the environmental release of GM crops as a model for developing countries Phil Macdonald
    6. Labelling of food from GMOs: options to consider by developing countries Wilna Jansen van Rijssen and Wynand J. van der Walt
    7. Building human capacity and skills in biosafety: lessons learned and emerging best practices John Komen and Muffy Koch
    8. Regulation of GMOs in developing countries: why socioeconomic considerations matter for decision-making Jose Falck-Zepeda and Marnus Gouse
    9. Food safety assessment of genetically modified crops in developing countries: the experience in Africa Godwin Lemgo, Narender Nehra and Hector Quemada
    10. Being scientific about socio-economics in GMO decision-making in developing countries Monica Racovita
    11. The sharing of information in risk assessment: how national authorities co-operate Peter Kearns, Bertrand Dagallier and Takahiko Nikaido
    12. Should GM rice with nutrition benefits be deployed? Findings from biotech and socio-economic research Hans De Steur, Dieter Blancquaert, Christophe Stove, Willy Lambert, Dominique Van Der Straeten and Xavier Gellynck
    13. The risk analysis framework and biosafety policy Peter W. B. Phillips and Stuart J. Smyth
    14. Precautionary principle as a barrier to GMO risk analysis: Elicitation of experts' viewpoints Ademola A. Adenle
    15. How do socio-political disputes of GMOs influence decision-making in developing countries? Hossein Azadi, Ademola A. Adenle and Klaus Ammann
    16. Biosafety communication: beyond risk communication Andrea Sonnino and Sandra Sharry
    17. The role of mass media and lobbies in the formulation of GMO regulations Mauro Vigani
    18. Risk regulation of agricultural GMOs in China: challenges and prospects Wen Xiang
    19. Commercial use and governance of Bt cotton in China Yunhe Li, Yanhui Lu, Eric M. Hallerman, Yufa Peng and Kongming Wu
    20. Regulatory regime of genetically modified crops in India Krishna Ravi Srinivas
    21. The Argentinian GMO biosafety system: an evolving perspective Carmen Vicien and Eduardo Trigo
    22. The Brazilian GMO regulatory system: a historical view and perspective Edivaldo Domingues Velini, Maria Lúcia Zaidan Dagli, Gutemberg Delfino de Souza, Rubens José Nascimento, Tassiana Fronza Pinho, Paulo Paes de Andrade and Helaine Carrer
    23. Effective regulatory regime supported by research and development is key to adoption of GM technology in West Africa: Burkina Faso and Nigeria as case studies Olalekan Akinbo, Ademola A. Adenle and Diran Makinde
    24. Pathway for biosafety regulation of GMOs in Sub-Saharan Africa Julius Ecuru
    25. Conclusions and recommendations E. Jane Morris, Ademola A. Adenle and Denis J. Murphy.

  • Editors

    Ademola A. Adenle, Colorado State University
    Ademola A. Adenle has over sixteen years of research and international experience, and was a research fellow and principal investigator at the United Nations University (UNU), Japan, where he coordinated the largest and most comprehensive study in the history of genetically modified (GM) agriculture in Africa, revealing a diverse range of challenges impeding the development of effective biosafety regulatory frameworks across the continent. Further to this research work, he specializes in science and technology policy addressing sustainable development challenges and uses his background in applied science to study social aspects of science and technology in agricultural development, biodiversity conservation, renewable energy, climate change adaptation and mitigation, and health innovation in developing countries.

    E. Jane Morris, University of Leeds
    E. Jane Morris is the former director of the African Centre for Gene Technologies and now an independent bioscience consultant, with over tweny-five years' experience working in the biotechnology field in Africa. As chair of the South African advisory committee on genetic modification before the introduction of the GMO Act, she was instrumental in the introduction of GMO legislation in that country. She has a fellowship at the University of Leeds.

    Denis J. Murphy, University of South Wales
    Denis J. Murphy is professor of biotechnology at the University of South Wales and advisor to the Food and Agriculture Organization. He has published numerous books and over three hundred research articles on crop biotechnology and related areas.

    Contributors

    Ademola A. Adenle, E. Jane Morris, Denis J. Murphy, Wendy Craig, Dennis Ndolo Obonyo, Mark Tepfer, Phil Macdonald, Wilna Jansen van Rijssen, Wynand J. van der Walt, John Komen, Muffy Koch, Jose Falck-Zepeda, Marnus Gouse, Godwin Lemgo, Narender Nehra, Hector Quemada, Monica Racovita, Peter Kearns, Bertrand Dagallier, Takahiko Nikaido, Hans De Steur, Dieter Blancquaert, Christophe Stove, Willy Lambert, Dominique Van Der Straeten, Xavier Gellynck, Peter W. B. Phillips, Stuart J. Smyth, Hossein Azadi, Klaus Ammann, Andrea Sonnino, Sandra Sharry, Mauro Vigani, Wen Xiang, Yunhe Li, Yanhui Lu, Eric M. Hallerman, Yufa Peng, Kongming Wu, Krishna Ravi Srinivas, Carmen Vicien, Eduardo Trigo, Edivaldo Domingues Velini, Maria Lúcia Zaidan Dagli, Gutemberg Delfino de Souza, Rubens José Nascimento, Tassiana Fronza Pinho, Paulo Paes de Andrade, Helaine Carrer, Olalekan Akinbo, Diran Makinde, Julius Ecuru

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