Growth and Inequality
The Contrasting Trajectories of India and Brazil
- Alexandre de Freitas Barbosa, University of Sao Paolo, Brazil
- Maria Cristina Cacciamali, University of Sao Paolo, Brazil
- Gerry Rodgers, Institute for Human Development, New Delhi
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Inequality is a global concern, for its social and human consequences, and its impact on the pace and pattern of economic growth. In India and Brazil, this issue has received increasing attention in recent years. In Brazil, inequality grew until the 1980s, when it reached extreme levels, but has since been declining, especially during the first decade of the twenty-first century. In India, inequality showed little change up to the 1980s, but has since been rising. These differences result from a variety of economic, social and political factors, which are examined in depth in this comparative study. The book examines inequality in overall distributions of income and expenditure, and disparities across gender, region, caste, race, and access to education. It compares the experience of the two countries, and draws conclusions on the types of policy frameworks and institutions that might lead to a more equitable pattern of growth.Read more
- Presents a comparative study enriched by tabular data
- Combines analysis of political forces, macro-economic trends, labour market patterns, and social policies
- Uses an interdisciplinary approach and extensive statistical analysis
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- Date Published: February 2019
- format: Adobe eBook Reader
- isbn: 9781108588874
- availability: This ISBN is for an eBook version which is distributed on our behalf by a third party.
Table of Contents
List of tables
List of graphs and maps
Preface and acknowledgements
List of abbreviations
1. Brazil and India: a mirror image of each other?
2. Approach and method 3. India and Brazil in the decades
4. India and Brazil from 1980 until the present
5. Key divides and cleavages: ruptures, continuities, or adaptation?
6. Inequality in social and economic context
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