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Violence in Latin America and the Caribbean
Subnational Structures, Institutions, and Clientelistic Networks

$26.00 USD

Tina Hilgers, Laura Macdonald, Jean Daudelin, Markus-Michael Müller, Robert Gay, Yonique Campbell, Colin Clarke, Gaëlle Rivard Piché, Lucy Luccisano, Kent Eaton, Juan Diego Prieto, Pablo Lapegna, Hugues Fournier, Julián Durazo Herrmann
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  • Date Published: August 2017
  • availability: This ISBN is for an eBook version which is distributed on our behalf by a third party.
  • format: Adobe eBook Reader
  • isbn: 9781108141277

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About the Authors
  • Violence in Latin America and the Caribbean is no longer perpetrated primarily by states against their citizens, but by a variety of state and non-state actors struggling to control resources, territories, and populations. This book examines violence at the subnational level to illuminate how practices of violence are embedded within subnational configurations of space and clientelistic networks. In societies shaped by centuries of violence and exclusion, inequality and marginalization prevail at the same time that democratization and neoliberalism have decentralized power to regional and local levels, where democratic and authoritarian practices coexist. Within subnational arenas, unique configurations - of historical legacies, economic structures, identities, institutions, actors, and clientelistic networks - result in particular patterns of violence and vulnerability that are often strikingly different from what is portrayed by aggregate national-level statistics. The chapters of this book examine critical cases from across the region, drawing on new primary data collected in the field to analyze how a range of political actors and institutions shape people's lives and to connect structural and physical forms of violence.

    • Examines violence at the subnational level to reveal striking trends obscured by aggregate statistics
    • Proposes a new view on the links between violence and clientelism
    • Based on new data collected in the field, presented in an accessible and compelling fashion
    • Focuses on subnational analysis, which differs greatly from national level aggregate statistics and dynamics
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    Reviews & endorsements

    'Violence and fear have become a daily staple for Latin Americans. In Violence in Latin America and the Caribbean Tina Hilgers and Laura Macdonald have made a major contribution at two levels. In their introduction and conclusion they offer a superb scholarly synthesis of the phenomenon and the literature, while in the chapters they have compiled, the reader will find a good selection of topics and countries. A book that has all the ingredients to become a classic.' Sergio Aguayo, El Colegio de México

    'With its focus on meso-level analysis and the interstices of sociology and political science, Hilgers and Macdonald's volume offers an important contribution to the literature on violence in Latin American and the Caribbean.' Enrique Desmond Arias, George Mason University, Washington, DC

    'Hilgers and Macdonald´s edited volume offers an impressive overview of the character, causes and consequences of violence across the Americas. The region's staggering rates of homicide and violent crime are widely known. Yet the book's contributing authors dive below the national statistics to reveal the micro-determinants of violence. Along the way, they demonstrate how Latin American police can be violence entrepreneurs, how prisons often double as crime colleges, and the way widespread clientelism preserves an unequal and volatile status quo. The book is essential reading for public security and development specialists looking for a deeper understanding of the drivers of violence in Latin America and the Caribbean, and insights into how to avoid repeating the mistakes of the past.' Robert Muggah, Research Director, Instituto Igarapé, Brazil

    'Readers will come away from this worthy volume with greater appreciation of why violence in Latin America and the Caribbean has been so intractable - it is in fact a multifaceted problem, varying across the region, with many and diverse causes and implications.' Tom Long, International Affairs

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    Product details

    • Date Published: August 2017
    • format: Adobe eBook Reader
    • isbn: 9781108141277
    • contains: 6 b/w illus. 3 tables
    • availability: This ISBN is for an eBook version which is distributed on our behalf by a third party.
  • Table of Contents

    Introduction: how violence varies: subnational place, identity, and embeddedness Tina Hilgers and Laura Macdonald
    1. Not killer methods: a few things we got wrong when studying violence in Latin America Jean Daudelin
    2. The clientelist bases of police violence in democratic Mexico City Markus-Michael Müller
    3. Of criminal factions, UPPs, and militias: the state of public insecurity in Rio de Janeiro Robert Gay
    4. The garrison community in Kingston: urban violence, policing, private security, and implications for national security and civil rights in Jamaica Yonique Campbell and Colin Clarke
    5. The Salvadorian gang truce (2012–2014): insights on subnational security governance in El Salvador Gaëlle Rivard Piché
    6. Guns and butter: social policy, semi-clientelism, and efforts to reduce violence in Mexico City Lucy Luccisano and Laura Macdonald
    7. Subnational authoritarianism and democratization in Colombia: divergent paths in Cesar and Magdalena Kent Eaton and Juan Diego Prieto
    8. Agricultural boom, subnational mobilization, and variations of violence in Argentina Pablo Lapegna
    9. Patterns of violence and the dead ends of democratization in subnational Argentina Hugues Fournier
    10. Clientelism and state violence in subnational democratic consolidation in Bahía, Brazil Julián Durazo Herrmann
    Conclusion: learning from subnational violence Tina Hilgers and Laura Macdonald.

  • Editors

    Tina Hilgers, Concordia University, Montréal
    Tina Hilgers is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Concordia University, Montréal. She is editor of Clientelism in Everyday Latin American Politics (2012), co-editor of A violência na América Latina e no Caribe (forthcoming, with Jorge Luiz Barbosa), and Director of Concordia University's Lab for Latin American and Caribbean Studies (LLACS).

    Laura Macdonald, Carleton University, Ottawa
    Laura Macdonald is Professor in the Department of Political Science at Carleton University, Ottawa. She has published articles in numerous journals and has edited collections on such issues as the role of non-governmental organizations in development, global civil society, citizenship struggles in Latin America, Canadian development assistance, and the political impact of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on human rights and democracy in the three member states.

    Contributors

    Tina Hilgers, Laura Macdonald, Jean Daudelin, Markus-Michael Müller, Robert Gay, Yonique Campbell, Colin Clarke, Gaëlle Rivard Piché, Lucy Luccisano, Kent Eaton, Juan Diego Prieto, Pablo Lapegna, Hugues Fournier, Julián Durazo Herrmann

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