Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity
Doctors and Philosophers on Nature, Soul, Health and Disease
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- Author: Philip J. van der Eijk, University of Newcastle upon Tyne
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This work brings together Philip van der Eijk's previously published essays on the close connections that existed between medicine and philosophy throughout antiquity. Medical authors such as the Hippocratic writers, Diocles, Galen, Soranus and Caelius Aurelianus elaborated on philosophical methods such as causal explanation, definition and division and applied key concepts such as the notion of nature to their understanding of the human body. Similarly, philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle were highly valued for their contributions to medicine. This interaction was particularly striking in the study of the human soul in its relation to the body, as illustrated by approaches to specific topics such as intellect, sleep and dreams, and diet and drugs. With a detailed introduction surveying the subject as a whole and an essay on Aristotle's treatment of sleep, this wide-ranging and accessible collection is essential reading for the student of ancient philosophy and science.Read more
- Wide-ranging exploration of the interaction between medicine and philosophy in antiquity and of the main protagonists including Hippocrates, Plato and Galen
- Contains an introduction surveying the whole topic and the history of modern approaches to it
- Some chapters appear in English for the first time with all Greek and Latin translated
Reviews & endorsements
"This book will...be of interest to scholars who work on the methodological disputes in an anciant medicine...Scholars interested in the understanding of Aristotle's place in the history of medicine and biology will also find much of value in this work."
-Christopher CosansSee more reviews
"van der Eijk's initial work in this fledgling enterprise is everywhere on display in Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity. I recommend it heartily to students of ancient philosophy, ancient medicine, and Aristotle...I will be satisfied if I can convey van der Eijk's enthusiasm for a field rife with possibility and in need of serious scholarly efforts."
-Patrick Macfarlane, Xavier University, Ancient Philosophy
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- Date Published: July 2005
- format: Adobe eBook Reader
- isbn: 9780511111761
- availability: This ISBN is for an eBook version which is distributed on our behalf by a third party.
Table of Contents
Note on translations
Note on abbreviations
Part I. Hippocratic Corpus and Diocles of Carystus:
1. The 'theology' of the Hippocratic treatise On the Sacred Disease
2. Diocles and the Hippocratic writings on the method of dietetics and the limits of causal explanation
3. To help, or to do no harm: principles and practices of therapeutics in the Hippocratic Corpus and in the work of Diocles of Carystus
4. The heart, the brain, the blood and the pneuma: Hippocrates, Diocles and Aristotle on the location of cognitive processes
Part II. Aristotle and His School:
5. Aristotle on melancholy
6. Theoretical and empirical elements in Aristotle's treatment of sleep, dreams and divination in sleep
7. The matter of mind: Aristotle on the biology of 'psychic' processes and the bodily aspects of thinking
8. Divine movement and human nature in Eudemian Ethics 8.2
9. On sterility ('Hist. an. 10'), a medical work by Aristotle?
Part III. Late Antiquity:
10. Galen's use of the concept of 'qualified experience' in his dietetic and pharmacological works
11. The Methodism of Caelius Aurelianus: some epistemological issues
Index of passages cited
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