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The Morality of Security
A Theory of Just Securitization

  • Publication planned for: May 2019
  • availability: Available
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9781108493895


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About the Authors
  • When is it permissible to move an issue out of normal politics and treat it as a security issue? How should the security measures be conducted? When and how should the securitization be reversed? Floyd offers answers to these questions by combining security studies' influential securitization theory with philosophy's long-standing just war tradition, creating a major new approach to the ethics of security: 'Just Securitization Theory'. Of interest to anyone concerned with ethics and security, Floyd's innovative approach enables scholars to normatively evaluate past and present securitizations, equips practitioners to make informed judgements on what they ought to do in relevant situations, and empowers the public to hold relevant actors accountable for how they view security.

    • Offers a comprehensive systematic normative theory of securitization
    • Discusses and sets out principles for the just desecuritization
    • Utilizes a number of real-life and hypothetical examples, including jihadi terrorism and global climate change
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    Reviews & endorsements

    'As security increasingly pervades contemporary societies, so the ethics of securitization have become pressing questions. Rita Floyd's finely crafted study provides a wide-ranging appraisal of the issues at stake and a challenging framework for addressing them. Taking on some of the most important issues in contemporary political life, The Morality of Security is sure to inform and provoke debate for years to come.' Michael C. Williams, University of Ottawa

    'There are many threats to human security that may require responses that go beyond ordinary political and police procedures but stop short of war. Such responses, recently grouped under the heading 'securitization', can involve coercion, surveillance, preventive detention, or even lethal violence - all of which require moral justification. In this important book, Rita Floyd develops a unified account of 'just securitization' that in general parallels but in many details contrasts with theories of the just war. In doing so, she provides illuminating discussions of numerous political issues of great significance and opens up various new areas of normative inquiry and debate.' Jeff McMahan, White's Professor of Moral Philosophy, University of Oxford

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    Product details

    • Publication planned for: May 2019
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9781108493895
    • length: 258 pages
    • dimensions: 233 x 155 x 18 mm
    • weight: 0.5kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Just securitization: raison d'être and feasibility
    Just securitization theory: basic ideas
    Research questions and suggested criteria of just securitization and just desecuritization
    Overview of all chapters
    1. Ethics and the study of security
    1.1. Introduction
    1.2. Security: a two-fold distinction
    1.3. The ethics of security as a state of being
    1.4. The ethics of security as a set of social and political practices
    1.5. Conclusion
    2. Framework: the meaning of securitization and the method of JST
    2.1. Introduction
    2.2. The meaning of securitization in Just Securitization Theory
    2.3. Method
    2.4 Conclusion
    3. Just initiation of securitization: just reason
    3.1. Introduction
    3.2. The just reason
    3.3. Threat categories
    3.4. Agent-intended threats
    3.5. Agent-lacking threats
    3.6. Agent-caused threats
    3.7. Future objective existential threats
    3.8. Conclusion
    4. Just initiation of securitization: just referent object
    4.1. Introduction
    4.2. The just referent object
    4.3. Human needs as a measure of human well-being
    4.4. Needs satisfaction, scale and moral justification
    4.5. Political and social orders
    4.6. Ecosystems and non-human species
    4.7. Human beings
    4.8. Conclusion
    5. Just initiation of securitization: right intention, macro-proportionality and reasonable chance of success
    5.1. Introduction
    5.2. Sincerity of intention
    5.3. Macro-proportionality
    5.4. Reasonable chance of success
    5.5. Omissions: Legitimate authority and last resort
    5.6. Conclusion
    6. Just conduct in securitization
    6.1. Introduction
    6.2. Targeted security measures
    6.3. Least harmful option
    6.4. Just conduct of executors of securitization
    6.5. Moral exemptions to just conduct in securitization
    6.6. Moral culpability and individual agents in unjust securitization
    6.7. Conclusion
    7. Just termination of securitization
    7.1. Introduction
    7.2. What is the meaning of desecuritization in Just Securitization Theory?
    7.3. Does just desecuritization need to follow from just securitization?
    7.4. Who can desecuritize?
    7.5. Who is required to desecuritize?
    7.6. Timing
    7.7. Action
    7.8. Long-term aim
    7.9. Conclusion.

  • Author

    Rita Floyd, University of Birmingham
    Rita Floyd is Lecturer in Conflict and Security at the Department of Political Science and International Studies, University of Birmingham. Her books include Security and the Environment: Securitisation Theory and US Environmental Security Policy (Cambridge, 2010) and her articles have appeared in journals including the Review of International Studies, Security Dialogue, and the Journal of International Relations and Development, amongst others.

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