Skip to content
Register Sign in Wishlist

Inclusion without Representation in Latin America
Gender Quotas and Ethnic Reservations

Part of Cambridge Studies in Gender and Politics

Juan Pablo Ossa, Marina Lacalle, Juan Pablo Micozzi
View all contributors
  • Date Published: January 2016
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9780521690836


Add to wishlist

Other available formats:
Hardback, eBook

Looking for an inspection copy?

Please email to enquire about an inspection copy of this book

Product filter button
About the Authors
  • This book analyzes why and how fifteen Latin American countries modified their political institutions to promote the inclusion of women, Afrodescendants, and indigenous peoples. Through analysis and comparison of experiences in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Mexico, the book accounts for the origins of quotas and reserved seats in international norms and civic mobilization. It shows how the configuration of political institutions and the structure of excluded groups set the terms and processes of inclusion. Arguing that the new mechanisms have delivered inclusion but not representation, the book demonstrates that quotas and reserved seats increased the presence in power of excluded groups but did not create constituencies or generate civic movements able to authorize or hold accountable their representatives.

    • Develops a theory of political inclusion and representation
    • Explains the origins and consequences of quotas for women and reserved seats for ethnic minorities
    • Explores the importance, and limitations, of the political inclusion of disadvantaged social groups for democratic politics
    Read more

    Customer reviews

    Not yet reviewed

    Be the first to review

    Review was not posted due to profanity


    , create a review

    (If you're not , sign out)

    Please enter the right captcha value
    Please enter a star rating.
    Your review must be a minimum of 12 words.

    How do you rate this item?


    Product details

    • Date Published: January 2016
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9780521690836
    • dimensions: 228 x 152 x 13 mm
    • weight: 0.34kg
    • contains: 10 b/w illus.
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Preface and acknowledgements
    1. Introduction: politics of inclusion in Latin America
    2. Women, Afrodescendants, and indigenous peoples in elected office
    3. Gender quotas: why and how? 4. Indigenous reservations and gender parity in Bolivia with Juan Pablo Ossa
    5. The rise and fall of political inclusion in Colombia
    6. Brazil: combatting exclusion through quotas in higher education
    7. After quotas: women's presence and legislative behavior in Argentina with Marina Lacalle and Juan Pablo Micozzi
    Appendix 1. List of research trips
    Appendix 2. Mechanisms of inclusion.

  • Author

    Mala Htun, University of New Mexico
    Mala Htun is Professor of Political Science at the University of New Mexico. She is the author of Sex and the State: Abortion, Divorce, and the Family under Latin American Dictatorships and Democracies (2003). Her work has appeared in American Political Science Review, Perspectives on Politics, Politics, Groups, and Identities, Latin American Research Review, Latin American Politics and Society, and Politics and Gender, among other journals and edited volumes. In 2015, Htun was selected as an Andrew Carnegie Fellow. She has held the Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellowship in Japan and was a fellow at the Kellogg Institute of the University of Notre Dame, Indiana and the Radcliffe Institute of Harvard University, Massachusetts. Her work has been supported by grants and fellowships from the National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Social Science Research Council, and National Security Education Program.


    Juan Pablo Ossa, Marina Lacalle, Juan Pablo Micozzi

Sign In

Please sign in to access your account


Not already registered? Create an account now. ×

Sorry, this resource is locked

Please register or sign in to request access. If you are having problems accessing these resources please email

Register Sign in
Please note that this file is password protected. You will be asked to input your password on the next screen.

» Proceed

You are now leaving the Cambridge University Press website. Your eBook purchase and download will be completed by our partner Please see the permission section of the catalogue page for details of the print & copy limits on our eBooks.

Continue ×

Continue ×

Continue ×

Find content that relates to you

Join us online

This site uses cookies to improve your experience. Read more Close

Are you sure you want to delete your account?

This cannot be undone.


Thank you for your feedback which will help us improve our service.

If you requested a response, we will make sure to get back to you shortly.

Please fill in the required fields in your feedback submission.