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Diverse Communities

Diverse Communities
The Problem with Social Capital

  • Date Published: September 2006
  • availability: Available
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9780521857192


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About the Authors
  • Diverse Communities is a critique of Robert Putnam's social capital thesis, re-examined from the perspective of women and cultural minorities in America over the last century. Barbara Arneil argues that the idyllic communities of the past were less positive than Putnam envisions and that the current 'collapse' in participation is better understood as change rather than decline. Arneil suggests that the changes in American civil society in the last half century are not so much the result of generational change or television as the unleashing of powerful economic, social and cultural forces that, despite leading to division and distrust within American society, also contributed to greater justice for women and cultural minorities. She concludes by proposing that the lessons learned from this fuller history of American civil society provide the normative foundation to enumerate the principles of justice by which diverse communities might be governed in the twenty-first century.

    • A critique of Robert Putnam's famous social capital thesis, Bowling Alone
    • An accessible narrative comprising an introductory historical analysis followed by a 'past, present, future' structure
    • Bridges normative theory with empirical analysis to connect subfields within the discipline
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    Reviews & endorsements

    'Arneil should be required reading alongside Bowling Alone. Her arguments about the power dynamics undergirding social capital and the importance of conflict offer a critical corrective to a rose-coloured view of social cohesion and trust.' Canadian Journal of Sociology

    'What sets Arneil's book apart from other multicultural and feminist critiques of Bowling Alone is the way in which she uses her re-interpreted history of American civil society to point toward alternative regulatory principles of civic engagement for an increasingly multicultural America … an important contribution toward conceiving a form of communal belonging that will also respond to people's desires for cultural distinctness, mutual respect, and meaningful membership.' Scott Mclean, Political Science Quarterly

    'For Arneil, social capital is not neutral, nor does it have only positive outcomes. Like other social capital theorists, such as Pierre Bourdieu, she sees it as another means for the powerful to protect their interests. … Arneil's much more complex and exacting challenge to us in Diverse Communities is to build a just society in which everyone truly belongs and everyone can fully participate and flourish.' Tim Broadhead, Literary Review of Canada

    'For Arneil, the assertion and recognition of issues about diversity and social justice on a broad front in contemporary America fail to accord with Putnam's vision of what we may generally regard as the 'good' society. Arneil's central criticism is reinforced by a range of sophisticated arguments drawing on the women's movement, philanthropy, and civil action, as well as political theory, and the broader and critical perspectives of Pierre Bourdieu and Jean Cohen … Arneil's achievement in Diverse Communities may well prove to be like that of Friedrich Engels with his Anti-During in the nineteenth century: readers have remembered the critique while the work subjected to such treatment has itself passed into oblivion.' Harry Goulbourne Journal of Ethnic and Racial Studies

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    Product details

    • Date Published: September 2006
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9780521857192
    • length: 280 pages
    • dimensions: 229 x 152 x 19 mm
    • weight: 0.58kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    1. Social capital, justice and diversity: an introduction
    2. The progressive era: past paradise?
    3. The present malaise in civic participation: empirical and normative dimensions
    4. The causes of 'decline' in social capital theory
    5. Civic trust and shared norms
    6. Beyond Bowling Alone: social capital in twenty-first century America
    7. Justice in diverse communities: lessons for the future.

  • Author

    Barbara Arneil, University of British Columbia, Vancouver
    Barbara Arneil is Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of British Columbia. She won the Harrison Prize for the best article published in Political Studies in 1996 and is the author of Feminism and Politics (1999) and John Locke and America: A Defense of English Colonialism (1996).

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