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El Niño
Historical and Paleoclimatic Aspects of the Southern Oscillation

£39.99

Henry F. Diaz, Vera Markgraf, George N. Kiladis, Daniel R. Cayan, Robert H. Webb, Gerald A. Meehl, Grant W. Branstator, David B. Enfield, William H. Quinn, Neville Nicholls, Roger S. Pulwarty, Roger Y. Anderson, Edward R. Cook, J. M. Lough, David M. Meko, Roseanne D. D'arrigo, Gordon C. Jacoby, Thomas W. Swetnam, Julio L. Betancourt, Malcolm K. Cleaveland, Edward R. Cooke, David W. Stahle, L. G. Thompson, E. Mosley-Thompson, P. A. Thompson, Joel Michaelsen, Julia E. Cole, Glen T. Shen, Richard G. Fairbanks, Michael Moore, Gary D. Sharp, Roger Y. Anderson, Andy Soutar, Thomas C. Johnson, M. S. McGlone, A. P. Kershaw, Malcolm K. Hughes
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  • Date Published: June 2009
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9780521111614

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About the Authors
  • The El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon is a recurrent feature of the climate in tropical regions. A primary example of large scale coupled ocean-atmosphere interactions, ENSO has received much attention in past years, as a result of widespread climatic anomalies (severe drought and floods, Indian monsoon failure, etc.) that are often associated with the development of such episodes. To enhance our understanding of the mechanisms involved in the low frequency behavior of ENSO and to help improve our ability to forecast the future behavior of this phenomenon, we have combined analysis of the modern aspects of ENSO morphology, modelling and variability with chapters dealing with its historical and prehistorical behavior. this volume examines different approaches to reconstructing ENSO based on a variety of proxy sources. It also illustrates how, in the past, the climatic manifestations associated with ENSO may have been different, in the frequency of occurrence as well as amplitude. This 1993 book will be of importance to all professional scientists and researchers in climatology, meteorology and the earth and environmental sciences, while graduate students in these disciplines will find the book a useful reference source.

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    Product details

    • Date Published: June 2009
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9780521111614
    • length: 492 pages
    • dimensions: 244 x 170 x 25 mm
    • weight: 0.78kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    1. Introduction Henry F. Diaz and Vera Markgraf
    Part I. ENSO in the Modern Record:
    2. Atmospheric teleconnections associated with the extreme phase of the Southern Oscillation Henry F. Diaz and George N. Kiladis
    3. El Nino/Southern Oscillation and streamflow in the western United States Daniel R. Cayan and Robert H. Webb
    4. Coupled climate model simulation of El Nino/Southern Oscillation: implications for paleoclimate Gerald A. Meehl and Grant W. Branstator
    Part II. Use of Historical Records in ENSO Reconstructions:
    5. Historical and prehistorical overview of El Nino/Southern Oscillation David B. Enfield
    6. A study of Southern Oscillation-related climatic activity for A.D. 622–1990 incorporating Nile River flood data William H. Quinn
    7. Historical El Nino/Southern Oscillation variability in the Australasian region Neville Nicholls
    8. A comparison of Southern Oscillation and El Nino signals in the tropics Henry F. Diaz and Roger S. Pulwarty
    9. Long-term changes in the frequency of occurrence of El Nino events Roger Y. Anderson
    Part III. Paleoclimate Reconstructions of El Nino/Southern Oscillation from Tree-Ring Records:
    10. Using three rings to study past El Nino/Southern Oscillation influences on climate Edward R. Cook
    11. An index of the Southern Oscillation reconstructed from western North American tree-ring chronologies J. M. Lough
    12. Spectral properties of tree-ring data in the United States Southwest as related to El Nino/Southern Oscillation David M. Meko
    13. A tree-ring reconstruction of New Mexico winter precipitation and its relation to El Nino/Southern Oscillation events Roseanne D. D'arrigo and Gordon C. Jacoby
    14. Temporal patterns of El Nino/Southern Oscillation - wildfire teleconnections in the southwestern United States Thomas W. Swetnam and Julio L. Betancourt
    15. Secular variability of the Southern Oscillation detected in tree-ring data from Mexico and the southern United States Malcolm K. Cleaveland, Edward R. Cooke and David W. Stahle
    Part IV. Records from Ice Cores and Corals:
    16. Reconstructing interannual climate variability from tropical and subtropical ice-core records L. G. Thompson, E. Mosley-Thompson and P. A. Thompson
    17. A comparison of proxy records of El Nino/Southern Oscillation Joel Michaelsen and L. G. Thompson
    18. Coral monitors of El Nino/Southern Oscillation dynamics across the equatorial Pacific Julia E. Cole, Glen T. Shen, Richard G. Fairbanks and Michael Moore
    Part V. Low-resolution Paleoclimate Reconstruction of El Nino/Southern Oscillation: Marine and Terrestrial Proxy Indicators:
    19. Fishery catch records, El Nino/Southern Oscillation, and longer-term climate change as inferred from fish remains in marine sediments Gary D. Sharp
    20. Long-term changes in El Nino/Southern Oscillation: evidence from marine and lacustrine sediments Roger Y. Anderson, Andy Soutar and Thomas C. Johnson
    21. El Nino/Southern Oscillation climatic variability in Australasian and South American paleoenvironmental records M. S. McGlone, A. P. Kershaw and Vera Markgraf
    22. Synthesis and future prospects Henry F. Diaz, Vera Markgraf and Malcolm K. Hughes
    Index.

  • Editors

    Henry F. Diaz

    Vera Markgraf

    Contributors

    Henry F. Diaz, Vera Markgraf, George N. Kiladis, Daniel R. Cayan, Robert H. Webb, Gerald A. Meehl, Grant W. Branstator, David B. Enfield, William H. Quinn, Neville Nicholls, Roger S. Pulwarty, Roger Y. Anderson, Edward R. Cook, J. M. Lough, David M. Meko, Roseanne D. D'arrigo, Gordon C. Jacoby, Thomas W. Swetnam, Julio L. Betancourt, Malcolm K. Cleaveland, Edward R. Cooke, David W. Stahle, L. G. Thompson, E. Mosley-Thompson, P. A. Thompson, Joel Michaelsen, Julia E. Cole, Glen T. Shen, Richard G. Fairbanks, Michael Moore, Gary D. Sharp, Roger Y. Anderson, Andy Soutar, Thomas C. Johnson, M. S. McGlone, A. P. Kershaw, Malcolm K. Hughes

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