Skip to content
Register Sign in Wishlist
Look Inside New Essays on Human Understanding

New Essays on Human Understanding
Abridged edition


  • Date Published: October 1982
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9780521285391

£ 21.99

Add to cart Add to wishlist

Looking for an inspection copy?

This title is not currently available on inspection

Product filter button
About the Authors
  • This is an abridgement of the complete translation of the New Essays, first published in 1981, designed for use as a study text. The material extraneous to philosophy - more than a third of the original - and the glossary of notes have been cut and a philosophical introduction and bibliography of work on Leibniz have been provided by the translators. The marginal pagination has been retained for ease of cross-reference to the full edition. The work itself is an acknowledged philosophical classic, in which Leibniz argues point by point with Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding. The result is the single most important confrontation between the philosophical traditions of rationalism and empiricism. It makes an extremely suitable focus for the study of Leibniz's thought and of those two traditions in relation to one another.

    Customer reviews

    Not yet reviewed

    Be the first to review

    Review was not posted due to profanity


    , create a review

    (If you're not , sign out)

    Please enter the right captcha value
    Please enter a star rating.
    Your review must be a minimum of 12 words.

    How do you rate this item?


    Product details

    • Date Published: October 1982
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9780521285391
    • length: 312 pages
    • dimensions: 229 x 152 x 18 mm
    • weight: 0.46kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Editors Introduction
    Part I. Of Innate Notions:
    1. Whether there are innate principles in the mind of man
    2. That there are no innate practical principles
    3. Other considerations concerning innate principles, both speculative and practical
    Part II. Of Idea:
    4. In which we discuss ideas in general and incidentally consider whether the soul of man always thinks
    5. Of simple ideas
    6. Of ideas of one sense
    7. Of solidity
    8. Of simple ideas of several sense
    9. Of simple ideas of reflection
    10. Of ideas of both sensation and reflection
    11. Some further considerations concerning simple ideas
    12. Of perception
    13. Of retention
    14. Of discerning or the faculty of distinguishing ideas
    15. Of complex ideas
    16. Of simple modes, and first, of the simple modes of space
    17. Of duration and its simple modes
    18. Of duration and expansion, considered together
    19. Of number
    20. Of infinity
    21. Of other simple modes
    22. Of the modes of thinking
    23. Of modes of pleasure and pain
    24. Of power and freedom
    25. Of mixed modes
    26. Of our complex ideas of substances
    27. Of collective ideas of substances
    28. Of relation
    29. Of cause and effect and other relations
    30. What identity or diversity is
    31. Of certain other relations, especially moral relations
    32. Of clear and obscure, distinct and confused ideas
    33. Of real and chimerical ideas
    34. Of complete and incomplete ideas
    35. Of true and false ideas
    36. Of the association of ideas
    Part III. Of Words:
    37. Of words or language in general
    38. Of the signification of words
    39. Of general terms
    40. Of the names of simple ideas
    41. Of the names of mixed modes and relations
    42. Of the names of substances
    43. Of particles
    44. Of abstract and concrete terms
    45. Of the imperfection of words
    46. Of the abuse of words
    47. Of the remedies of the foregoing imperfections and abuses
    Part IV. Of Knowledge:
    48. Of knowledge in general
    49. Of the degrees of our knowledge
    50. Of the extent of human knowledge
    51. Of the reality of our knowledge
    52. Of truth in general
    53. Of universal propositions, their truth and certainty
    54. Of the propositions which are named maxims or axioms
    55. Of trifling propositions
    56. Of our knowledge of our existence
    57. Of our knowledge of the existence of God
    58. Of our knowledge of the existence of other things
    59. Of ways of increasing our knowledge
    60. Some further considerations concerning our knowledge
    61. Of judgement
    62. Of probability
    63. Of the degrees of assent
    64. Of reason
    65. Of faith and reason, and their distinct provinces
    66. Of enthusiasm
    67. Of error
    68. Of the division of the sciences

  • Author

    G. W. Leibniz

    Editors and translators

    Peter Remnant

    Jonathan Bennett

Sign In

Please sign in to access your account


Not already registered? Create an account now. ×

Sorry, this resource is locked

Please register or sign in to request access. If you are having problems accessing these resources please email

Register Sign in
Please note that this file is password protected. You will be asked to input your password on the next screen.

» Proceed

You are now leaving the Cambridge University Press website. Your eBook purchase and download will be completed by our partner Please see the permission section of the catalogue page for details of the print & copy limits on our eBooks.

Continue ×

Continue ×

Continue ×

Find content that relates to you

Join us online

This site uses cookies to improve your experience. Read more Close

Are you sure you want to delete your account?

This cannot be undone.


Thank you for your feedback which will help us improve our service.

If you requested a response, we will make sure to get back to you shortly.

Please fill in the required fields in your feedback submission.