Why do Americans have such animosity for people who identify with the opposing political party? Jaime E. Settle argues that in the context of increasing partisan polarization among American political elites, the way we communicate on Facebook uniquely facilitates psychological polarization among the American public. Frenemies introduces the END Framework of social media interaction. END refers to a subset of content that circulates in a social media ecosystem: a personalized, quantified blend of politically informative 'expression', 'news', and 'discussion' seamlessly interwoven into a wider variety of socially informative content. Scrolling through the News Feed triggers a cascade of processes that result in negative attitudes about those who disagree with us politically. The inherent features of Facebook, paired with the norms of how people use the site, heighten awareness of political identity, bias the inferences people make about others' political views, and foster stereotyped evaluations of the political out-group.Read more
- Creates an original theoretical framework to evaluate political interactions on social media
- Situates political interaction on social media in the broader context of how people use the technology
- Intends to steer the direction of future research of political communication on social media
- Presents free from jargon and overly technical explanations
Reviews & endorsements
'Easily the most comprehensive, theory-driven examination of social media and political polarization to date.' Diana Mutz, Samuel A. Stouffer Professor of Political Science and Communication, University of PennsylvaniaSee more reviews
'Frenemies is compelling social science with an original, provocative claim: our minds see the often non-political bits and pieces that unknown friends of friends reveal about themselves on Facebook and exaggerate them into a phalanx of misguided political opponents. Combine this mechanism with Facebook's scope, and you get a veritable polarization machine that transforms casual chitchat among strangers into bitter if illusionary partisan disagreement.' Markus Prior, Princeton University
'Frenemies is a path-breaking and well-researched book. It offers both theoretical and empirical breakthroughs on the political effects of social media. Settle's novel and insightful theoretical framework succeeds where previous scholarship has failed in providing a coherent model for understanding how unique aspects of the social media environment interact with human psychology to influence political attitudes and behavior. She also makes a compelling and strong case that Facebook, of which a majority of Americans use, has contributed to the increase in partisan bitterness and division that we observe today. This book will set the standard in the study of political communication for years to come.' Kevin Arceneaux, Temple University, Pennsylvania
'An instant classic … brilliant, [challenges] assumptions that pundits and scholars have about how the process works. The book will set the standard for future media and politics research.' Marc Hetherington, Vanderbilt University, Tennessee
Not yet reviewed
Be the first to review
Review was not posted due to profanity×
- Date Published: August 2019
- format: Paperback
- isbn: 9781108459952
- dimensions: 229 x 152 x 19 mm
- weight: 0.492kg
- contains: 42 b/w illus. 26 tables
- availability: Available
Table of Contents
1. A fundamental change in political communication
2. Facebook in context: theorizing interaction on twenty-first century social media
3. The END framework of political interaction on social media
4. How do END interactions on the news feed psychologically polarize users?
5. In the eye of the beholder: politically informative news feed content
6. Political inference from content on the news feed
7. Biased inference from END interactions
8. Judging the other side
9. Erasing the coast of Bohemia in the era of social media
Find resources associated with this titleYour search for '' returned .
Type Name Unlocked * Format Size
This title is supported by one or more locked resources. Access to locked resources is granted exclusively by Cambridge University Press to lecturers whose faculty status has been verified. To gain access to locked resources, lecturers should sign in to or register for a Cambridge user account.
Please use locked resources responsibly and exercise your professional discretion when choosing how you share these materials with your students. Other lecturers may wish to use locked resources for assessment purposes and their usefulness is undermined when the source files (for example, solution manuals or test banks) are shared online or via social networks.
Supplementary resources are subject to copyright. Lecturers are permitted to view, print or download these resources for use in their teaching, but may not change them or use them for commercial gain.
If you are having problems accessing these resources please contact email@example.com.
Sorry, this resource is locked