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Globalization and Business Politics in Arab North Africa
A Comparative Perspective

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  • Date Published: December 2010
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9780521156264

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About the Authors
  • Can production for global markets help business groups to mobilize collectively? Under what conditions does globalization enable the private sector to develop independent organizational bases and create effective relationships with the state? Focusing on varied Moroccan and Tunisian responses to trade liberalization in the 1990s, Melani Cammett argues that two constitutive dimensions of business-government relations shape business responses to global economic opening: the balance of power between business and the state before economic opening and the preexisting business class structure. These two dimensions combine to form different configurations of business-government relations, including 'distant' and 'close' linkages, leading to divergent interests and, hence, strategic behavior by industrialists. The book also extends the analysis to additional country cases, including India, Turkey, and Taiwan, and examines how different patterns of business-government relations affect processes of industrial upgrading.

    • Based on extensive, in-depth field research in Morocco and Tunisia
    • Develops an innovative typology to characterize how business groups react to economic change
    • Addresses debates about how globalization alters the relationship between the state and business groups
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    Reviews & endorsements

    'Melani Claire Cammett's book provides the reader with a clear and very accessible description of the economic problems and current transformations occurring in the North African countries … altogether it provides a stimulating and pleasurable read … Cammett's study will become an important voice in discussions on the economic future not only of the Maghreb, but of the whole Middle East.' Political Studies Review

    '… the book is an important contribution to comparative political economy, regional analysis of North Africa, as well as the study of business-government relations. From the first chapters one can observe the thorough work of the author and the clever case selection … The author's rigorous historical analysis allows us to have a better understanding of business behavior in Morocco and Tunisia.' Comparative Sociology

    'Melani Cammett has provided a superb account of the impact of globalization on manufacturers in developing countries. Focusing on the cases of Tunisia and Morocco, and drilling down into the countries' textile and apparel sectors, Cammett offers a nuanced and provocative analysis of private-sector responses to state policy and trade liberalization in the 1980s and 1990s … Globalization and Business Politics in Arab North Africa is an invaluable, stimulating scholarly contribution.' Perspectives on Politics

    'Professor Cammett has presented a richly documented analysis of the domestic conditions under which forces of global competition may encourage business groups in developing countries to organize collectively … It conveys a subtle appreciation of the conditions under which neo-liberal economic reform may or may not engender collective political capacities of business communities.' Middle East Journal

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    Product details

    • Date Published: December 2010
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9780521156264
    • length: 286 pages
    • dimensions: 229 x 152 x 16 mm
    • weight: 0.42kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Part I. The Framework:
    1. Rethinking globalization and business politics
    2. Globalization and integration in international apparel manufacturing networks: the new politics of industrial development
    Part II. The Institutional Context:
    3. Business and the state in Tunisia: statist development, capital dispersion, and preemptive integration in world markets
    4. Business in the state in Morocco: business penetration of the state and the genesis of the 'fat cat'
    Part III. Globalization and Institutional Change:
    5. Business as usual: state-sponsored industrialization and business collective inaction in Tunisia
    6. Fat cats and self-made men: class conflict and business collective action in Morocco
    7. Globalization, business politics, and industrial policy in developing countries.

  • Author

    Melani Claire Cammett, Brown University, Rhode Island
    Melani Cammett is Associate Professor of Political Science and Director of the Middle East Studies Program at Brown University. She specializes in the political economy of development and the Middle East. She earned her Ph.D. in 2002 from the Department of Political Science at the University of California at Berkeley and served as an Academy Scholar at the Harvard Academy for International and Area Studies from 2005–6 and 2007–8. Cammett has published scholarly articles in Studies in Comparative International Development, Comparative Politics, World Development, Global Governance, and other journals. She is also completing a new book entitled Servicing Sectarianism: Welfare and Politics in Weak States, which explores how ethnic and religious parties allocate welfare goods focusing on sectarian organizations in Lebanon and other countries in the Middle East and South Asia. Her research has received support from the Smith Richardson Foundation, US Institute of Peace, Academy Scholars Program at Harvard, Social Science Research Council, American Institute for Maghrib Studies, Salomon Faculty Research Grant at Brown University, and Institute for International Studies at the University of California at Berkeley. Cammett also holds an M.A.L.D. from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy (1994), received a Fulbright Fellowship in Jordan, and has consulted for development policy organizations.

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