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Deep Learning
How the Mind Overrides Experience

  • Date Published: November 2013
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781107661363

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  • Although the ability to retain, process, and project prior experience onto future situations is indispensable, the human mind also possesses the ability to override experience and adapt to changing circumstances. Cognitive scientist Stellan Ohlsson analyzes three types of deep, non-monotonic cognitive change: creative insight, adaptation of cognitive skills by learning from errors, and conversion from one belief to another, incompatible belief. For each topic, Ohlsson summarizes past research, re-formulates the relevant research questions, and proposes information-processing mechanisms that answer those questions. The three theories are based on the principles of redistribution of activation, specialization of practical knowledge, and re-subsumption of declarative information. Ohlsson develops the implications of those mechanisms by scaling their effects with respect to time, complexity, and social interaction. The book ends with a unified theory of non-monotonic cognitive change that captures the abstract properties that the three types of change share.

    • Focused on situations where people have to override prior experience in order to be successful, and is currently the only book to do so
    • Proposes three novel scientific theories of creative insight, error correction, and belief revision
    • Situates each theoretical contribution within a real-world context as well as within past academic research; e.g., there are discussions of art, technological invention, errors in large organizations, scientific discovery, and the laws of history
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    Product details

    • Date Published: November 2013
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781107661363
    • length: 540 pages
    • dimensions: 229 x 152 x 28 mm
    • weight: 0.71kg
    • contains: 44 b/w illus. 15 tables
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Part I. Introduction:
    1. The need to override experience
    2. The nature of the enterprise
    Part II. Creativity:
    3. The production of novelty
    4. Creative insight: the redistribution theory
    5. Creative insight writ large
    Part III. Adaptation:
    6. The growth of competence
    7. Error correction: the specialization theory
    8. Error correction in context
    Part IV. Conversion:
    9. The formation of belief
    10. Belief revision: the resubsumption theory
    Part V. Conclusion:
    11. Elements of a unified theory
    12. The recursion curse.

  • Author

    Stellan Ohlsson, University of Illinois, Chicago
    Stellan Ohlsson is Professor of Psychology and Adjunct Professor of Computer Science at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC). He received his Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Stockholm in 1980. He has held positions as Research Associate in the Robotics Institute at Carnegie-Mellon University and as Senior Scientist in the Learning Research and Development Center (LRDC) at the University of Pittsburgh, before joining UIC in 1996. His work has been supported by the Office of Naval Research (ONR), the National Science Foundation (NSF), and other organizations. Dr Ohlsson has published extensively on computational models of cognition, creative insight, skill acquisition, and the design of instructional software, as well as other topics in higher cognition.

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